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Nutrient Intakes from Meals and Snacks Differ with Age in Middle-Aged and Older Americans.
Nutrients. 2019 Jun 08; 11(6)N

Abstract

The present study investigated the meal patterns across demographic characteristics in middle-aged and older US adults. Study participants were noninstitutionalized participants from the 2005-2016 National Health and Nutrition Examination Survey, an observational cross-sectional study. Data from 17,361 adults were categorized into 45-59 years (n = 7366), 60-70 years (n = 5348), and 71+ years (n = 4647) to compare demographics, nutrient intakes, and meal patterns. Dietary recalls were collected using the multiple-pass method. Data analyses were weighted to create a nationally representative sample. Two-thirds of adults reported consuming three meals on the day of intake. Lunch was the most often skipped meal across all age groups. A greater proportion of adults over 70 years reported consuming breakfast, while a smaller proportion reported consuming snacks. Significant differences were observed in total energy and nutrient intakes and proportion of the day's intakes by meal. Grain, milk, and dairy food group intakes were highest at breakfast, while the protein food group intakes were highest at lunch and dinner. Age-related differences in meal consumption and composition provide valuable formative data to support targeted nutritional education and intervention opportunities to promote and encourage healthy food choices.

Authors+Show Affiliations

Division of Health Sciences, School of Health and Rehabilitation Sciences, College of Medicine; Comprehensive Cancer Center, The Ohio State University, Columbus, OH 43210, USA. Jessica.Krok@osumc.edu.Abbott Nutrition, Nutrition Science, Columbus, OH 43219, USA. satya.jonnalagadda@abbott.com.Abbott Nutrition, Nutrition Science, Columbus, OH 43219, USA. menghua.luo@abbott.com.Abbott Nutrition, Nutrition Science, Columbus, OH 43219, USA. owen.kelly@abbott.com.Division of Medical Dietetics, School of Health and Rehabilitation Sciences, College of Medicine, The Ohio State University, Columbus, OH 43210, USA. taylor.1043@osu.edu. Department of Family Medicine, College of Medicine, The Ohio State University, Columbus, OH 43210, USA. taylor.1043@osu.edu.

Pub Type(s)

Comparative Study
Journal Article
Observational Study

Language

eng

PubMed ID

31181765

Citation

Krok-Schoen, Jessica L., et al. "Nutrient Intakes From Meals and Snacks Differ With Age in Middle-Aged and Older Americans." Nutrients, vol. 11, no. 6, 2019.
Krok-Schoen JL, Jonnalagadda SS, Luo M, et al. Nutrient Intakes from Meals and Snacks Differ with Age in Middle-Aged and Older Americans. Nutrients. 2019;11(6).
Krok-Schoen, J. L., Jonnalagadda, S. S., Luo, M., Kelly, O. J., & Taylor, C. A. (2019). Nutrient Intakes from Meals and Snacks Differ with Age in Middle-Aged and Older Americans. Nutrients, 11(6). https://doi.org/10.3390/nu11061301
Krok-Schoen JL, et al. Nutrient Intakes From Meals and Snacks Differ With Age in Middle-Aged and Older Americans. Nutrients. 2019 Jun 8;11(6) PubMed PMID: 31181765.
* Article titles in AMA citation format should be in sentence-case
TY - JOUR T1 - Nutrient Intakes from Meals and Snacks Differ with Age in Middle-Aged and Older Americans. AU - Krok-Schoen,Jessica L, AU - Jonnalagadda,Satya S, AU - Luo,Menghua, AU - Kelly,Owen J, AU - Taylor,Christopher A, Y1 - 2019/06/08/ PY - 2019/05/09/received PY - 2019/05/30/revised PY - 2019/06/06/accepted PY - 2019/6/12/entrez PY - 2019/6/12/pubmed PY - 2019/12/31/medline KW - NHANES KW - aging KW - breakfast KW - dietary intakes KW - dietary patterns KW - dinner KW - lunch KW - meal patterns KW - middle-aged adults KW - snack intakes JF - Nutrients JO - Nutrients VL - 11 IS - 6 N2 - The present study investigated the meal patterns across demographic characteristics in middle-aged and older US adults. Study participants were noninstitutionalized participants from the 2005-2016 National Health and Nutrition Examination Survey, an observational cross-sectional study. Data from 17,361 adults were categorized into 45-59 years (n = 7366), 60-70 years (n = 5348), and 71+ years (n = 4647) to compare demographics, nutrient intakes, and meal patterns. Dietary recalls were collected using the multiple-pass method. Data analyses were weighted to create a nationally representative sample. Two-thirds of adults reported consuming three meals on the day of intake. Lunch was the most often skipped meal across all age groups. A greater proportion of adults over 70 years reported consuming breakfast, while a smaller proportion reported consuming snacks. Significant differences were observed in total energy and nutrient intakes and proportion of the day's intakes by meal. Grain, milk, and dairy food group intakes were highest at breakfast, while the protein food group intakes were highest at lunch and dinner. Age-related differences in meal consumption and composition provide valuable formative data to support targeted nutritional education and intervention opportunities to promote and encourage healthy food choices. SN - 2072-6643 UR - https://www.unboundmedicine.com/medline/citation/31181765/Nutrient_Intakes_from_Meals_and_Snacks_Differ_with_Age_in_Middle_Aged_and_Older_Americans_ L2 - https://www.mdpi.com/resolver?pii=nu11061301 DB - PRIME DP - Unbound Medicine ER -