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Evaluation of Anterior-Posterior Spine Curvatures and Incidence of Sagittal Defects in Children and Adolescents Practicing Traditional Karate.
Biomed Res Int 2019; 2019:9868473BR

Abstract

Background and Study Aim

To evaluate anterior-posterior spine curvatures and incidence of sagittal defects in children and adolescents practicing traditional Karate.

Material and Methods

152 people aged 6-16 yrs, mean age 10.5±3.03. The study group (SG), subjects attending traditional Karate classes for min one year, 60 minutes twice a week (76 people). The control group (CG) randomly selected on 1:1 basis to match SG. The anterior-posterior curvatures were measured with a gravitational inclinometer. Sauder's norms were used to assess postural defects. Body mass, height, and BMI were measured. Mann-Whitney U-test/Student's t-test for independent variables, χ 2 test, and Cramer V test were used in statistical analysis.

Results

Significant differences were observed between the groups in lumbosacral inclination ALPHA1 p<0.001; karateka had significantly lower ALPHA 1 and greater thoracic inclination (GAMMA TH/L) p=0.23. In study group, lumbosacral angle flattening (ALPHA 2) (81.6%) was greater than in CG (56.6%). ALPHA 2 (43.4%) was more frequently within the norm in CG. Increased ALPHA 2 was reported only among SG (2.6%). Differences were statistically significant (χ 2 (2) = 15.23 p<0.001) and of moderate power (Cramer V=0.31). Regarding thoracic kyphosis and lumbar lordosis, there were no statistically significant differences between the groups.

Conclusions

Traditional Karate affects pelvic tilt leading to posterior tilt; it correlates with somatic parameters: height, mass, and BMI in terms of spine curvatures. The size of the lumbar lordosis and thoracic kyphosis in karatekas is comparable to that of those not practicing sport. Frequent incidence of reduced pelvic tilt in karatekas requires implementing exercises activating anterior tilt during training session.

Authors+Show Affiliations

Institute of Physiotherapy, Faculty of Medicine, University of Rzeszow, Warszawska 26A Street, 35-205 Rzeszow, Poland.Institute of Physiotherapy, Faculty of Medicine, University of Rzeszow, Warszawska 26A Street, 35-205 Rzeszow, Poland.Institute of Physiotherapy, Faculty of Medicine, University of Rzeszow, Warszawska 26A Street, 35-205 Rzeszow, Poland.Faculty of Physical Education, Health and Tourism, Kazimierz Wielki University in Bydgoszcz, Chodkiewicza 30 Street, Bydgoszcz, Poland.Faculty of Physical Education, Department of Sport, University of Rzeszow, Towarnickiego 3 Street Rzeszow, Poland.Faculty of Physical Education, Department of Sport, University of Rzeszow, Towarnickiego 3 Street Rzeszow, Poland.Department of Obstetrics and Emergency Medicine, Faculty of Medicine, University of Rzeszow, Pigonia 6 Street, 35-310 Rzeszów, Poland.

Pub Type(s)

Journal Article

Language

eng

PubMed ID

31183382

Citation

Katarzyna, Walicka-Cupryś, et al. "Evaluation of Anterior-Posterior Spine Curvatures and Incidence of Sagittal Defects in Children and Adolescents Practicing Traditional Karate." BioMed Research International, vol. 2019, 2019, p. 9868473.
Katarzyna WC, Ewa S, Agnieszka G, et al. Evaluation of Anterior-Posterior Spine Curvatures and Incidence of Sagittal Defects in Children and Adolescents Practicing Traditional Karate. Biomed Res Int. 2019;2019:9868473.
Katarzyna, W. C., Ewa, S., Agnieszka, G., Mirosław, M., Marta, N., Paweł, O., & Iwona, T. B. (2019). Evaluation of Anterior-Posterior Spine Curvatures and Incidence of Sagittal Defects in Children and Adolescents Practicing Traditional Karate. BioMed Research International, 2019, p. 9868473. doi:10.1155/2019/9868473.
Katarzyna WC, et al. Evaluation of Anterior-Posterior Spine Curvatures and Incidence of Sagittal Defects in Children and Adolescents Practicing Traditional Karate. Biomed Res Int. 2019;2019:9868473. PubMed PMID: 31183382.
* Article titles in AMA citation format should be in sentence-case
TY - JOUR T1 - Evaluation of Anterior-Posterior Spine Curvatures and Incidence of Sagittal Defects in Children and Adolescents Practicing Traditional Karate. AU - Katarzyna,Walicka-Cupryś, AU - Ewa,Szeliga, AU - Agnieszka,Guzik, AU - Mirosław,Mrozkowiak, AU - Marta,Niewczas, AU - Paweł,Ostrowski, AU - Iwona,Tabaczek-Bejster, Y1 - 2019/04/28/ PY - 2019/03/12/received PY - 2019/04/11/accepted PY - 2019/6/12/entrez PY - 2019/6/12/pubmed PY - 2019/6/12/medline SP - 9868473 EP - 9868473 JF - BioMed research international JO - Biomed Res Int VL - 2019 N2 - Background and Study Aim: To evaluate anterior-posterior spine curvatures and incidence of sagittal defects in children and adolescents practicing traditional Karate. Material and Methods: 152 people aged 6-16 yrs, mean age 10.5±3.03. The study group (SG), subjects attending traditional Karate classes for min one year, 60 minutes twice a week (76 people). The control group (CG) randomly selected on 1:1 basis to match SG. The anterior-posterior curvatures were measured with a gravitational inclinometer. Sauder's norms were used to assess postural defects. Body mass, height, and BMI were measured. Mann-Whitney U-test/Student's t-test for independent variables, χ 2 test, and Cramer V test were used in statistical analysis. Results: Significant differences were observed between the groups in lumbosacral inclination ALPHA1 p<0.001; karateka had significantly lower ALPHA 1 and greater thoracic inclination (GAMMA TH/L) p=0.23. In study group, lumbosacral angle flattening (ALPHA 2) (81.6%) was greater than in CG (56.6%). ALPHA 2 (43.4%) was more frequently within the norm in CG. Increased ALPHA 2 was reported only among SG (2.6%). Differences were statistically significant (χ 2 (2) = 15.23 p<0.001) and of moderate power (Cramer V=0.31). Regarding thoracic kyphosis and lumbar lordosis, there were no statistically significant differences between the groups. Conclusions: Traditional Karate affects pelvic tilt leading to posterior tilt; it correlates with somatic parameters: height, mass, and BMI in terms of spine curvatures. The size of the lumbar lordosis and thoracic kyphosis in karatekas is comparable to that of those not practicing sport. Frequent incidence of reduced pelvic tilt in karatekas requires implementing exercises activating anterior tilt during training session. SN - 2314-6141 UR - https://www.unboundmedicine.com/medline/citation/31183382/Evaluation_of_Anterior_Posterior_Spine_Curvatures_and_Incidence_of_Sagittal_Defects_in_Children_and_Adolescents_Practicing_Traditional_Karate_ L2 - https://dx.doi.org/10.1155/2019/9868473 DB - PRIME DP - Unbound Medicine ER -