Electromyographic activity of the quadriceps and gluteus medius muscles during/different straight leg raise and squat exercises in women with patellofemoral pain syndrome.J Electromyogr Kinesiol. 2019 Oct; 48:17-23.JE
Patellofemoral pain syndrome (PPS) is characterized by anterior knee pain and affects young female adults. Physiotherapy is the most indicated treatment. The objective of the study was to analyze electromyographic activity of the quadriceps and gluteus medius muscles during different open and closed kinetic chain exercises in women with PPS. Twenty-two clinically healthy women and 24 women with symptomatic PPS were assessed through surface electromyography of the quadriceps and gluteus medius during the following exercises: straight leg raise with and without lateral hip rotation; squats; squats with adduction and hip abduction; and squats combined with lateral hip rotation. When comparing the groups, only the quadriceps muscle showed higher activity in the PPS group. In the comparisons between the exercises, in relation to gluteus medius and quadriceps muscle activity, the straight leg raise and straight leg raise with lateral hip rotation exercises showed more activity than squats in both groups. Among the squats, squats with adduction generated more gluteus medius activity in both groups, and no difference was noted among the squats for the quadriceps muscle. Therefore, rehabilitation programs that include exercises such as straight leg raises, straight leg raises with lateral hip rotation, and squats with adduction may be used for PPS patients.