Tags

Type your tag names separated by a space and hit enter

Total Fermented Dairy Food Intake Is Inversely Associated with Cardiovascular Disease Risk in Women.
J Nutr. 2019 10 01; 149(10):1797-1804.JN

Abstract

BACKGROUND

The relation between fermented dairy consumption and type 2 diabetes mellitus (T2DM) and cardiovascular disease (CVD) in an Australian population remains to be established.

OBJECTIVES

The aim of this study was to investigate the association between fermented dairy consumption and T2DM and CVD risk.

METHODS

The Australian Longitudinal Study on Women's Health included Australian women (aged 45-50 y) at baseline in 2001, who were followed up through 5 surveys until 2016. Dietary intake was assessed through the use of a validated 101-item FFQ at baseline. Main study outcomes were self-reported physician-diagnosed T2DM and CVD. Logistic regression models adjusted for sociodemographic and lifestyle factors were used to estimate the association between dairy intake and T2DM and CVD risk.

RESULTS

Of 7633 women free of diabetes at baseline, 701 (9.2%) developed T2DM during a maximum 15-y follow-up period. Women in the highest tertile of yogurt intake had lower adjusted odds of T2DM than those in the lowest tertile (OR: 0.81; 95% CI: 0.67, 0.99; P = 0.041). This relation became nonsignificant after adjustment for dietary variables and total energy intake (OR: 0.88; 95% CI: 0.71, 1.08; P = 0.21). Of 7679 women free of CVD at baseline, 835 (10.9%) cases of CVD were reported during follow-up. High intake of yogurt and total fermented dairy was associated with lower CVD risk (OR: 0.84; 95% CI: 0.70, 1.00; P = 0.05, 0.80; 0.67, 0.96; 0.017, respectively) than observed in the lowest tertile of dairy product intake. Additional adjustment attenuated the relation (OR: 0.87; 95% CI: 0.72, 1.04; P = 0.13, 0.83; 0.69, 1.00; 0.048, for yogurt and total fermented dairy, respectively). No associations were found with other dairy groups.

CONCLUSION

The findings from this population-based study of Australian women suggest an inverse association between total fermented dairy intake and CVD risk, which may partly be accounted for by other dietary components.

Authors+Show Affiliations

Division of Human Nutrition and Health, Wageningen University, Wageningen, Netherlands.Department of Medical and Clinical Psychology, Center of Research on Psychology in Somatic Diseases, Tilburg University, Tilburg, Netherlands.Division of Human Nutrition and Health, Wageningen University, Wageningen, Netherlands.School of Public Health, University of Queensland, Brisbane, Queensland, Australia.

Pub Type(s)

Journal Article
Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't

Language

eng

PubMed ID

31192363

Citation

Buziau, Amée M., et al. "Total Fermented Dairy Food Intake Is Inversely Associated With Cardiovascular Disease Risk in Women." The Journal of Nutrition, vol. 149, no. 10, 2019, pp. 1797-1804.
Buziau AM, Soedamah-Muthu SS, Geleijnse JM, et al. Total Fermented Dairy Food Intake Is Inversely Associated with Cardiovascular Disease Risk in Women. J Nutr. 2019;149(10):1797-1804.
Buziau, A. M., Soedamah-Muthu, S. S., Geleijnse, J. M., & Mishra, G. D. (2019). Total Fermented Dairy Food Intake Is Inversely Associated with Cardiovascular Disease Risk in Women. The Journal of Nutrition, 149(10), 1797-1804. https://doi.org/10.1093/jn/nxz128
Buziau AM, et al. Total Fermented Dairy Food Intake Is Inversely Associated With Cardiovascular Disease Risk in Women. J Nutr. 2019 10 1;149(10):1797-1804. PubMed PMID: 31192363.
* Article titles in AMA citation format should be in sentence-case
TY - JOUR T1 - Total Fermented Dairy Food Intake Is Inversely Associated with Cardiovascular Disease Risk in Women. AU - Buziau,Amée M, AU - Soedamah-Muthu,Sabita S, AU - Geleijnse,Johanna M, AU - Mishra,Gita D, PY - 2019/03/17/received PY - 2019/04/15/revised PY - 2019/05/17/accepted PY - 2019/6/14/pubmed PY - 2020/6/24/medline PY - 2019/6/14/entrez KW - Australia KW - cardiovascular disease KW - cheese KW - coronary heart disease KW - dairy KW - fermented dairy KW - stroke KW - type 2 diabetes mellitus KW - women's health KW - yogurt SP - 1797 EP - 1804 JF - The Journal of nutrition JO - J Nutr VL - 149 IS - 10 N2 - BACKGROUND: The relation between fermented dairy consumption and type 2 diabetes mellitus (T2DM) and cardiovascular disease (CVD) in an Australian population remains to be established. OBJECTIVES: The aim of this study was to investigate the association between fermented dairy consumption and T2DM and CVD risk. METHODS: The Australian Longitudinal Study on Women's Health included Australian women (aged 45-50 y) at baseline in 2001, who were followed up through 5 surveys until 2016. Dietary intake was assessed through the use of a validated 101-item FFQ at baseline. Main study outcomes were self-reported physician-diagnosed T2DM and CVD. Logistic regression models adjusted for sociodemographic and lifestyle factors were used to estimate the association between dairy intake and T2DM and CVD risk. RESULTS: Of 7633 women free of diabetes at baseline, 701 (9.2%) developed T2DM during a maximum 15-y follow-up period. Women in the highest tertile of yogurt intake had lower adjusted odds of T2DM than those in the lowest tertile (OR: 0.81; 95% CI: 0.67, 0.99; P = 0.041). This relation became nonsignificant after adjustment for dietary variables and total energy intake (OR: 0.88; 95% CI: 0.71, 1.08; P = 0.21). Of 7679 women free of CVD at baseline, 835 (10.9%) cases of CVD were reported during follow-up. High intake of yogurt and total fermented dairy was associated with lower CVD risk (OR: 0.84; 95% CI: 0.70, 1.00; P = 0.05, 0.80; 0.67, 0.96; 0.017, respectively) than observed in the lowest tertile of dairy product intake. Additional adjustment attenuated the relation (OR: 0.87; 95% CI: 0.72, 1.04; P = 0.13, 0.83; 0.69, 1.00; 0.048, for yogurt and total fermented dairy, respectively). No associations were found with other dairy groups. CONCLUSION: The findings from this population-based study of Australian women suggest an inverse association between total fermented dairy intake and CVD risk, which may partly be accounted for by other dietary components. SN - 1541-6100 UR - https://www.unboundmedicine.com/medline/citation/31192363/Total_Fermented_Dairy_Food_Intake_Is_Inversely_Associated_with_Cardiovascular_Disease_Risk_in_Women_ L2 - https://academic.oup.com/jn/article-lookup/doi/10.1093/jn/nxz128 DB - PRIME DP - Unbound Medicine ER -