Comparative investigation on carbon-based moving bed biofilm reactor (MBBR) for synchronous removal of phenols and ammonia in treating coal pyrolysis wastewater at pilot-scale.Bioresour Technol 2019; 288:121590BT
By regulating the extraction solvent and alkali in pretreatment, two carbon-based MBBRs were compared in pilot-scale to synchronously remove phenols and ammonia of coal pyrolysis wastewater (CPW) under fluctuant phenols-ammonia loadings. It revealed that lignite activated coke (LAC)-based MBBR performed more stable with phenols increasing (250-550 mg/L), and reached higher tolerance limit to ammonia (>320 mg/L) than activated carbon (AC)-based MBBR under fluctuant ammonia loadings. During the phenols-ammonia synchronous removal process, the LAC provided the firm basis for shock resistance due to superior resilient adsorption capacity, enhanced sludge property and microbial cooperation. Furthermore, microbial analysis revealed that the strengthened collaboration between archaea and facultative bacteria played the primary role in phenols-ammonia synchronous degradation. Specifically, the heterotrophic bacteria consumed phenols-ammonia by partial nitrification process and ammonia assimilation, following by denitrifying process to further eliminate phenols. The multifunctional Comamonas was the critical genus participating in all procedures.