Correlations of somatic traits and postural defects in girls and boys aged 10-12.Acta Bioeng Biomech 2019; 21(1):79-86AB
The aim of the study was to analyse correlations between somatic features and variables of postural defects in girls and boys aged 10-12.
The study included 301 children aged 10-12. Variables of somatic features were assessed using the method of bioelectrical impedance analysis - BIA, which consists of the evaluation of resistance to the flow of an electric current. Body posture was examined via the optoelectronic method - Diers formetric III 4D - using raster stereography.
The majority of participants demonstrated proper somatic features. Over half of the studied children had scoliotic posture, while a small group comprised those with scoliosis. Cases of reduced kyphosis and shallowed lordosis were also observed. Significant relationships were noted between somatic features and postural defect variables.
Body posture is a psychomotor habit that is associated with somatic development, composition and body structure. Along proper body composition and somatic structure, shaping the habit of correct posture is much easier. Both in the prevention and correction of postural defects, one should gradually move away from the unilateral, usually singlecomponent therapeutic effect. An approach considering both somatic and morphological as well as neurophysiological, emotionalvolitional and environmental factors seems to be appropriate.