Piceatannol protects against cisplatin nephrotoxicity via activation of Nrf2/HO-1 pathway and hindering NF-κB inflammatory cascade.Naunyn Schmiedebergs Arch Pharmacol. 2019 11; 392(11):1331-1345.NS
This study investigates the molecular mechanisms of the nephroprotective effect of piceatannol (PIC) against cisplatin-induced nephrotoxicity in rats. PIC (10 mg/kg i.p.) was given for 7 days, starting 2 days before cisplatin single injection (7 mg/kg i.p.). Serum creatinine, blood urea nitrogen (BUN), kidney injury molecule 1, and neutrophil gelatinase-associated lipocalin were used as nephrotoxicity markers. Oxidative stress, inflammatory, and apoptotic markers were determined. In addition, the role of PIC in Nrf2 activation and its subsequent induction of antioxidant enzymes, as well as its potential cross talk with nuclear factor kappa-B, were addressed. PIC reversed cisplatin-induced elevation of nephrotoxicity markers and restored the normal kidney ultrastructure. PIC attenuated cisplatin-induced reduction in Nrf2 expression and the relative mRNA level of antioxidant enzymes: hemeoxygenase-1, cysteine ligase catalytic, and modifier subunits, as well as superoxide dismutase and glutathione-S-transferase activities. Cisplatin pro-inflammatory response was reduced by PIC treatment as evidenced by the suppression of nuclear factor kappa-B activation and the subsequent decreased tissue levels of interleukin-1β, tumor necrosis factor-α, cyclooxygenase-2, and inducible nitric oxide synthase. PIC suppressed cisplatin-induced apoptosis by decreasing p53 and cytochrome C expression and caspase-3 activity. Therefore, PIC may protect against cisplatin-induced nephrotoxicity by modulating Nrf2/HO-1 signaling and hindering the inflammatory and apoptotic pathways.