Tags

Type your tag names separated by a space and hit enter

Opportunities for the prevention of mental disorders by reducing general psychopathology in early childhood.

Abstract

This paper explores the concept that reducing general psychopathology early in the life course provides unprecedented opportunities to prevent the development of all forms of psychopathology later in life. We review empirical evidence for the existence of the general factor of psychopathology and theories regarding the psychological nature of the factor. We then highlight specific examples of environmental risk factors for general psychopathology and discuss translational implications for the transdiagnostic prevention of psychopathology beginning in early childhood. Ultimately, we propose a developmentally informed and transdiagnostic stepped care approach to intervention in which reduction of general psychopathology in early childhood represents the foundational step for prevention and intervention of subsequent psychopathology. This model heralds three key benefits over the current treatment zeitgeist: (1) Reducing the burden and confusion in healthcare and education systems by providing a coherent and systematic structure for early intervention across a child's development, (2) maximising the breadth of the impact of intervention by focusing on common shared risks across psychopathology, and (3) increasing the efficiency of intervention by corresponding with the development of psychopathology and leveraging the emergence of general psychopathology in early childhood.

Links

  • Publisher Full Text
  • Authors+Show Affiliations

    ,

    Centre for Emotional Health, Department of Psychology, Macquarie University, Australia. Electronic address: miri.forbes@mq.edu.au.

    ,

    Centre for Emotional Health, Department of Psychology, Macquarie University, Australia.

    Department of Psychology, University of Minnesota, Twin Cities, USA.

    Source

    Behaviour research and therapy 119: 2019 Aug pg 103411

    Pub Type(s)

    Journal Article

    Language

    eng

    PubMed ID

    31202004

    Citation

    Forbes, Miriam K., et al. "Opportunities for the Prevention of Mental Disorders By Reducing General Psychopathology in Early Childhood." Behaviour Research and Therapy, vol. 119, 2019, p. 103411.
    Forbes MK, Rapee RM, Krueger RF. Opportunities for the prevention of mental disorders by reducing general psychopathology in early childhood. Behav Res Ther. 2019;119:103411.
    Forbes, M. K., Rapee, R. M., & Krueger, R. F. (2019). Opportunities for the prevention of mental disorders by reducing general psychopathology in early childhood. Behaviour Research and Therapy, 119, p. 103411. doi:10.1016/j.brat.2019.103411.
    Forbes MK, Rapee RM, Krueger RF. Opportunities for the Prevention of Mental Disorders By Reducing General Psychopathology in Early Childhood. Behav Res Ther. 2019;119:103411. PubMed PMID: 31202004.
    * Article titles in AMA citation format should be in sentence-case
    TY - JOUR T1 - Opportunities for the prevention of mental disorders by reducing general psychopathology in early childhood. AU - Forbes,Miriam K, AU - Rapee,Ronald M, AU - Krueger,Robert F, Y1 - 2019/05/25/ PY - 2018/12/06/received PY - 2019/05/01/revised PY - 2019/05/24/accepted PY - 2019/6/16/pubmed PY - 2019/6/16/medline PY - 2019/6/16/entrez KW - Developmental psychopathology KW - General psychopathology KW - Intervention KW - Prevention KW - Transdiagnostic psychopathology KW - p factor SP - 103411 EP - 103411 JF - Behaviour research and therapy JO - Behav Res Ther VL - 119 N2 - This paper explores the concept that reducing general psychopathology early in the life course provides unprecedented opportunities to prevent the development of all forms of psychopathology later in life. We review empirical evidence for the existence of the general factor of psychopathology and theories regarding the psychological nature of the factor. We then highlight specific examples of environmental risk factors for general psychopathology and discuss translational implications for the transdiagnostic prevention of psychopathology beginning in early childhood. Ultimately, we propose a developmentally informed and transdiagnostic stepped care approach to intervention in which reduction of general psychopathology in early childhood represents the foundational step for prevention and intervention of subsequent psychopathology. This model heralds three key benefits over the current treatment zeitgeist: (1) Reducing the burden and confusion in healthcare and education systems by providing a coherent and systematic structure for early intervention across a child's development, (2) maximising the breadth of the impact of intervention by focusing on common shared risks across psychopathology, and (3) increasing the efficiency of intervention by corresponding with the development of psychopathology and leveraging the emergence of general psychopathology in early childhood. SN - 1873-622X UR - https://www.unboundmedicine.com/medline/citation/31202004/Opportunities_for_the_prevention_of_mental_disorders_by_reducing_general_psychopathology_in_early_childhood L2 - https://linkinghub.elsevier.com/retrieve/pii/S0005-7967(19)30097-X DB - PRIME DP - Unbound Medicine ER -