Induction of Osteogenic MC3T3-E1 Cell Differentiation by Nacre and Flesh Lipids of Tunisian Pinctada radiata.Lipids 2019; 54(8):433-444L
The flesh of the Pinctada radiata pearl oyster from coastal Tunisia is considered as a high source of n-3 and n-6 and its shell nacre layer is a promising osteogenic biomaterial. Fatty acid (FA) analysis showed that the major components found in total FA (TFA) were 14:0, 16:0, and 18:0 saturated FA (SFA); 16:1, 18:1, and 20:1 monoenoic FA; 20:4n-6 (ARA), 22:5n-3 (DPA). Characteristically high levels of 20:5n-3 (EPA) and 22:6n-3 (DHA) (6.53-89.75 mg/100 g TFA) polyunsaturated FA (PUFA) were found, respectively, in the TFA of nacre and flesh. Evaluated the effects in vitro of lipids extracted from nacre (Ln) and from flesh (Lc) of P. radiata on growth and the differentiation of osteoblasts. Cytotoxicity tests (3-(4, 5-dimethylthiazolyl-2)-2, 5-diphenyltetrazolium bromide [MTT] and lactic acid dehydrogenase c [LDH]) demonstrated that both extracts are nontoxic. Alizarin Red staining was used in an osteoblast differentiation model using the osteoblast MC3T3-E1 cell line. It showed that the FA of both extracts induced osteoblast differentiation leading to mineralization. Reverse transcription-polymerase chain reaction (RT-PCR) showed a significantly higher expression of osteocalcin (Bglap) and runt-related transcription (Runx2) in MC3T3-E1 cells in the presence of Ln. No difference of osteopontin (Spp1) and Collagen type I (Col1a1) genes compared to the control was observed. In conclusion, these results supported, obtained from our in vitro experimental model used, the interest/potential of lipids extracted from nacre and P. radiata flesh to stimulate bone formation.