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Moderate Consumption of Red Meat, Compared to Soy or Non-Soy Legume, Has No Adverse Effect on Cardio-Metabolic Factors in Patients with Type 2 Diabetes.

Abstract

BACKGROUND

Recently, it has been proposed that red meat consumption could enhance risk of diabetes and worsen lipid profile and glycemic status, in comparison with soy or non-soy legume, but the results of clinical trials are controversial.

OBJECTIVES

This study aimed to compare the effect of red meat, soy bean, and non-soy legume consumption on cardio-metabolic factors in patients with type 2 diabetes.

METHODS

This was a randomized controlled clinical trial which included 75 patients with diabetes, aged 40-65 years. Participants were randomly allocated to receive two servings of red meat (control group), soy bean, or non-soy legume, 3 days a week for 8 weeks. All groups also received a balanced-macronutrients weight maintenance diet. Body composition and cardio-metabolic factors including fasting blood glucose (FBG), fasting insulin, glycated hemoglobin (HbA1c), serum lipids, and blood pressure were measured at baseline and endpoint of the study. Quantitative insulin sensitivity check index (QUICKI) score and Framingham risk score (FRS) were also computed.

RESULTS

We found no significant differences in changes of FBG, fasting insulin, HbA1c, QUICKI score, serum lipids, FRS, and systolic and diastolic blood pressure among the 3 groups. Within group analysis showed that FRS reduced significantly in all groups (P<0.05). In addition, systolic (P=0.01) and diastolic (P=0.03) blood pressure reduced within red meat group.

CONCLUSIONS

Compared to soy bean or non-soy legume, moderate consumption of red meat had no adverse effect on cardio-metabolic factors including FBG, fasting insulin, HbA1C, QUICKI score, total cholesterol, low-density lipoprotein , high-density lipoprotein , and blood pressure in adults with type 2 diabetes.

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  • Authors+Show Affiliations

    ,

    Department of Community Nutrition, School of Nutrition and Food Sciences, Shiraz University of Medical Sciences, Shiraz, Iran (the Islamic Republic of).

    ,

    Department of Community Nutrition, School of Nutrition and Food Sciences, Shiraz University of Medical Sciences, Shiraz, Iran (the Islamic Republic of).

    ,

    Endocrine and Metabolism Research Center, Shiraz University of Medical Sciences, Shiraz, Iran (the Islamic Republic of).

    Nutrition Research Center, School of Nutrition and Food Sciences, Shiraz University of Medical Sciences, Shiraz, Iran (the Islamic Republic of).

    Source

    Pub Type(s)

    Journal Article

    Language

    eng

    PubMed ID

    31207663

    Citation

    Hassanzadeh-Rostami, Zahra, et al. "Moderate Consumption of Red Meat, Compared to Soy or Non-Soy Legume, Has No Adverse Effect On Cardio-Metabolic Factors in Patients With Type 2 Diabetes." Experimental and Clinical Endocrinology & Diabetes : Official Journal, German Society of Endocrinology [and] German Diabetes Association, 2019.
    Hassanzadeh-Rostami Z, Hemmatdar Z, Pishdad GR, et al. Moderate Consumption of Red Meat, Compared to Soy or Non-Soy Legume, Has No Adverse Effect on Cardio-Metabolic Factors in Patients with Type 2 Diabetes. Exp Clin Endocrinol Diabetes. 2019.
    Hassanzadeh-Rostami, Z., Hemmatdar, Z., Pishdad, G. R., & Faghih, S. (2019). Moderate Consumption of Red Meat, Compared to Soy or Non-Soy Legume, Has No Adverse Effect on Cardio-Metabolic Factors in Patients with Type 2 Diabetes. Experimental and Clinical Endocrinology & Diabetes : Official Journal, German Society of Endocrinology [and] German Diabetes Association, doi:10.1055/a-0929-6287.
    Hassanzadeh-Rostami Z, et al. Moderate Consumption of Red Meat, Compared to Soy or Non-Soy Legume, Has No Adverse Effect On Cardio-Metabolic Factors in Patients With Type 2 Diabetes. Exp Clin Endocrinol Diabetes. 2019 Jun 17; PubMed PMID: 31207663.
    * Article titles in AMA citation format should be in sentence-case
    TY - JOUR T1 - Moderate Consumption of Red Meat, Compared to Soy or Non-Soy Legume, Has No Adverse Effect on Cardio-Metabolic Factors in Patients with Type 2 Diabetes. AU - Hassanzadeh-Rostami,Zahra, AU - Hemmatdar,Zeinab, AU - Pishdad,Gholam Reza, AU - Faghih,Shiva, Y1 - 2019/06/17/ PY - 2019/6/18/entrez PY - 2019/6/18/pubmed PY - 2019/6/18/medline JF - Experimental and clinical endocrinology & diabetes : official journal, German Society of Endocrinology [and] German Diabetes Association JO - Exp. Clin. Endocrinol. Diabetes N2 - BACKGROUND: Recently, it has been proposed that red meat consumption could enhance risk of diabetes and worsen lipid profile and glycemic status, in comparison with soy or non-soy legume, but the results of clinical trials are controversial. OBJECTIVES: This study aimed to compare the effect of red meat, soy bean, and non-soy legume consumption on cardio-metabolic factors in patients with type 2 diabetes. METHODS: This was a randomized controlled clinical trial which included 75 patients with diabetes, aged 40-65 years. Participants were randomly allocated to receive two servings of red meat (control group), soy bean, or non-soy legume, 3 days a week for 8 weeks. All groups also received a balanced-macronutrients weight maintenance diet. Body composition and cardio-metabolic factors including fasting blood glucose (FBG), fasting insulin, glycated hemoglobin (HbA1c), serum lipids, and blood pressure were measured at baseline and endpoint of the study. Quantitative insulin sensitivity check index (QUICKI) score and Framingham risk score (FRS) were also computed. RESULTS: We found no significant differences in changes of FBG, fasting insulin, HbA1c, QUICKI score, serum lipids, FRS, and systolic and diastolic blood pressure among the 3 groups. Within group analysis showed that FRS reduced significantly in all groups (P<0.05). In addition, systolic (P=0.01) and diastolic (P=0.03) blood pressure reduced within red meat group. CONCLUSIONS: Compared to soy bean or non-soy legume, moderate consumption of red meat had no adverse effect on cardio-metabolic factors including FBG, fasting insulin, HbA1C, QUICKI score, total cholesterol, low-density lipoprotein , high-density lipoprotein , and blood pressure in adults with type 2 diabetes. SN - 1439-3646 UR - https://www.unboundmedicine.com/medline/citation/31207663/Moderate_Consumption_of_Red_Meat,_Compared_to_Soy_or_Non-Soy_Legume,_Has_No_Adverse_Effect_on_Cardio-Metabolic_Factors_in_Patients_with_Type_2_Diabetes L2 - http://www.thieme-connect.com/DOI/DOI?10.1055/a-0929-6287 DB - PRIME DP - Unbound Medicine ER -