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Role of Diet in Chronic Obstructive Pulmonary Disease Prevention and Treatment.
Nutrients. 2019 Jun 16; 11(6)N

Abstract

Chronic obstructive pulmonary disease is one of the leading causes of morbidity and mortality worldwide and a growing healthcare problem. Identification of modifiable risk factors for prevention and treatment of COPD is urgent, and the scientific community has begun to pay close attention to diet as an integral part of COPD management, from prevention to treatment. This review summarizes the evidence from observational and clinical studies regarding the impact of nutrients and dietary patterns on lung function and COPD development, progression, and outcomes, with highlights on potential mechanisms of action. Several dietary options can be considered in terms of COPD prevention and/or progression. Although definitive data are lacking, the available scientific evidence indicates that some foods and nutrients, especially those nutraceuticals endowed with antioxidant and anti-inflammatory properties and when consumed in combinations in the form of balanced dietary patterns, are associated with better pulmonary function, less lung function decline, and reduced risk of COPD. Knowledge of dietary influences on COPD may provide health professionals with an evidence-based lifestyle approach to better counsel patients toward improved pulmonary health.

Authors+Show Affiliations

National Research Council (CNR), Institute of Clinical Physiology (IFC), 73100 Lecce, Italy. egeria.scoditti@ifc.cnr.it.National Research Council (CNR), Institute of Clinical Physiology (IFC), 73100 Lecce, Italy. marika.massaro@ifc.cnr.it.Department of Neuroscience, Rehabilitation, Ophthalmology, Genetics and Maternal/Child Sciences, University of Genoa, 16132 Genoa, Italy. sgarbarino.neuro@gmail.com.Rehabilitation Department, Cardio-Respiratory Care Unit, "V Fazzi" Hospital, ASL Lecce, 73100 Lecce, Italy. d.torald@tin.it.

Pub Type(s)

Journal Article
Review

Language

eng

PubMed ID

31208151

Citation

Scoditti, Egeria, et al. "Role of Diet in Chronic Obstructive Pulmonary Disease Prevention and Treatment." Nutrients, vol. 11, no. 6, 2019.
Scoditti E, Massaro M, Garbarino S, et al. Role of Diet in Chronic Obstructive Pulmonary Disease Prevention and Treatment. Nutrients. 2019;11(6).
Scoditti, E., Massaro, M., Garbarino, S., & Toraldo, D. M. (2019). Role of Diet in Chronic Obstructive Pulmonary Disease Prevention and Treatment. Nutrients, 11(6). https://doi.org/10.3390/nu11061357
Scoditti E, et al. Role of Diet in Chronic Obstructive Pulmonary Disease Prevention and Treatment. Nutrients. 2019 Jun 16;11(6) PubMed PMID: 31208151.
* Article titles in AMA citation format should be in sentence-case
TY - JOUR T1 - Role of Diet in Chronic Obstructive Pulmonary Disease Prevention and Treatment. AU - Scoditti,Egeria, AU - Massaro,Marika, AU - Garbarino,Sergio, AU - Toraldo,Domenico Maurizio, Y1 - 2019/06/16/ PY - 2019/04/29/received PY - 2019/06/11/revised PY - 2019/06/14/accepted PY - 2019/6/19/entrez PY - 2019/6/19/pubmed PY - 2020/1/15/medline KW - Mediterranean diet KW - antioxidant KW - chronic obstructive pulmonary disease KW - dietary pattern KW - inflammation KW - lung function KW - nutrition KW - oxidative stress KW - polyphenol KW - polyunsaturated fatty acid JF - Nutrients JO - Nutrients VL - 11 IS - 6 N2 - Chronic obstructive pulmonary disease is one of the leading causes of morbidity and mortality worldwide and a growing healthcare problem. Identification of modifiable risk factors for prevention and treatment of COPD is urgent, and the scientific community has begun to pay close attention to diet as an integral part of COPD management, from prevention to treatment. This review summarizes the evidence from observational and clinical studies regarding the impact of nutrients and dietary patterns on lung function and COPD development, progression, and outcomes, with highlights on potential mechanisms of action. Several dietary options can be considered in terms of COPD prevention and/or progression. Although definitive data are lacking, the available scientific evidence indicates that some foods and nutrients, especially those nutraceuticals endowed with antioxidant and anti-inflammatory properties and when consumed in combinations in the form of balanced dietary patterns, are associated with better pulmonary function, less lung function decline, and reduced risk of COPD. Knowledge of dietary influences on COPD may provide health professionals with an evidence-based lifestyle approach to better counsel patients toward improved pulmonary health. SN - 2072-6643 UR - https://www.unboundmedicine.com/medline/citation/31208151/Role_of_Diet_in_Chronic_Obstructive_Pulmonary_Disease_Prevention_and_Treatment_ L2 - http://www.mdpi.com/resolver?pii=nu11061357 DB - PRIME DP - Unbound Medicine ER -