Systemic Sclerosis with Focus on Scleroderma Renal Crisis.Iran J Kidney Dis. 2019 05; 13(3):207-210.IJ
Known as systemic sclerosis (SSc), this autoimmune rheumatic disease has vast pathogenesis on many organs, including kidneys. It can lead to the point where the patient's survival relies entirely on dialysis. This report has basically focused on scleroderma renal crisis (SRC), which is the most serious renal manifestation of SSc, characterized by renal failure and sudden onset of hypertension. A 44-year-old man was hospitalized with hypertension, headache, vertigo, nausea, rhinorrhea, reflux, dysphagia, dyspnea (Fc II), visual impairment, mechanical arthralgia, and edema (+3) accompanied by a rare skin lesion. Raynaud's phenomenon was also remarkable in fingers and toes. According to signs and symptoms, SSc diagnosed and the proper treatment was applied. It is of great importance that in the case of malignant hypertension in patients with scleroderma, renal crisis always be kept in mind.