A novel homozygous initiation codon variant associated with infantile alpha-Bcrystallinopathy in a Chinese family.Mol Genet Genomic Med 2019; 7(8):e825MG
Due to inconsistencies with reported myofibrillar myopathy (MFM), including autosomal dominant inheritance, late onset and a slowly progressive course, the severe, recessively inherited form of CRYAB (alpha-B crystallin) gene-related infantile MFM has been suggested. Here, we report an infant in a Chinese family with fatal neonatal-onset hypertonic MFM with a novel CRYAB homozygous variant (c.3G > A (p.Met1?)).
Muscle biopsy indicated that muscle fibers showed a uniformly small diameter, cell atrophy, and visible focal muscle fiber degeneration and necrosis consistent with myogenic myopathy. We performed the whole exome sequencing of pathogenic genes and identified it as MFM.
The proband presented with profound muscle stiffness, progressive respiratory distress and a concurrent abnormal increase in myocardial enzymogram, and the patient died in the 17th month of life. Muscle biopsy and electron microscopy results were consistent with ultramicroscopic myogenic damage and pathological changes. Mutation analysis of the proband identified a novel rare homozygous mutation in the initiation codon of the CRYAB gene, which was inherited from currently asymptomatic, heterozygous carrier parents, and his heterozygous biological brother is unaffected.
This article reports one infant with CRYAB-related neonatal onset MFM with a novel homozygous variant in CRYAB. To our knowledge, this is the first reported case of infantile alpha-Bcrystallinopathy in the Chinese population.