Test-retest reliability of the Mini Nutritional Assessment and its relationship with quality of life in patients with stroke.PLoS One 2019; 14(6):e0218749Plos
BACKGROUND & OBJECTIVE
Malnutrition is one of commonly issues in patients with stroke. The Mini Nutritional Assessment (MNA) is a widely used measure for assessing nutritional status in patients with stroke. A nutritional measure with acceptable test-retest reliability allows clinicians to consistently assess patients' nutritional status. Knowledge of the relationship between nutritional status and quality of life (QOL) could guide clinicians to improve QOL in patients with stroke more effectively. This study aimed to examine test-retest reliability of the MNA and its relationship with QOL in patients with stroke.
Fifty-nine patients participated in the test-retest reliability study and the correlation between the MNA and WHO Quality of Life-BREF (WHOQOL-BREF) study. A repeated-assessments design (1 week apart) was used to examine the test-retest reliability of the MNA.
The intraclass correlation coefficient for the MNA was 0.91. The minimal detectable change and percentage of minimal detectable change for the MNA were 2.1 and 8.2%, respectively. The MNA was positively associated with the QOL (r = 0.32; p = 0.013). The result of linear regression analysis shows that after controlling for age, sex and activities of daily living functions, only the MNA was significantly associated with the WHOQOL-BREF (r2 = 0.104; p = 0.008).
The MNA has satisfactory test-retest reliability that is useful for repeatedly assessing the nutritional status of patients with stroke. The MDC of the MNA has acceptable random measurement error which is useful for determining whether the change score of a patient is outside the range of random measurement error. Future studies that recruit stroke patients in the acute stage is needed to further examine the relationship between the nutritional status and QOL.