Epoxide-derived mixed-mode chromatographic stationary phases for separation of active substances in fixed-dose combination drugs.J Sep Sci 2019; 42(17):2796-2804JS
A method for the preparation of novel mixed-mode reversed-phase/strong cation exchange stationary phase for the separation of fixed-dose combination drugs has been developed. An epoxysilane bonded silica prepared by vapor phase deposition was used as a starting material to produce diol, octadecyl, sulfonate, and mixed octadecyl/sulfonate groups bonded silica phases. The chemical structure and surface coverage of the functional groups on these synthesized phases were confirmed by fourier-transform infrared and solid-state 13 C NMR spectroscopy and elemental analysis. Alkylbenzene homologs, basic drugs, nucleobases and alkylaniline homologs were used as probes to demonstrate the reversed-phase, ion exchange, hydrophilic interaction and mixed-mode retention behaviors of these stationary phases. The octadecyl/sulfonate bonded silica exhibits pronounced mixed-mode retention behavior and superior retentivity and selectivity for alkylaniline homologs. The mixed-mode retention is affected by either ionic or solvent strength in the mobile phase, permiting optimization of a separation by fine tuning these parameters. The mixed-mode stationary phase was applied to separate two fixed-dose combination drugs: compound reserpine tablets and compound methoxyphenamine capsules. The results show that simultaneous separation of multiple substances in the compound dosage can be achieved on the mixed-mode phase, which makes multi-cycles of analysis for multiple components obsolete.