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A cross-sectional survey on the prevalence of anaemia and malnutrition in primary school children in the Tiko Health District, Cameroon.
Pan Afr Med J 2019; 32:111PA

Abstract

Introduction

Anaemia and malnutrition are common health problems in developing countries with children being the most vulnerable. They have negative impacts on human performance, growth and development, in children, both as cause and consequences of disease. Although annual mass deworming and nutrition supplement strategies have been implemented in the Tiko Health District (THD), no study has been carried out to determine the prevalence of anaemia and malnutrition. The aim of this study was therefore designed to determine the prevalence of anaemia and malnutrition among primary school children aged 5-15 years in the Tiko Health District.

Methods

A cross-sectional study was carried out in 10 randomly selected schools in the THD and a total of 400 school children were enrolled in the study. Body weight and height were measured using an electronic weighing scale and stadiometer respectively. Anthropometric indices: Height-for-Age Z scores (HAZ), Weight-for-Age Z scores (WAZ) and Body Mass Index-for-Age Z scores (BMIAZ) were analyzed and compared with WHO Growth Reference Standards using WHO Anthroplus software. Hemoglobin levels were determined using Urit-12 Haemoglobinometer and anaemia defined as Hemoglobin (Hb) < 11g/dl. Data analysis was done using the SPSS software.

Results

The overall prevalence of malnutrition was 9.25%, prevalence of stunting 7.5% with 0.8% being severely stunted. The prevalence of wasting was 1% and underweight 0.7%. The overall prevalence of anaemia was 5%. Parents occupation and the absence of toilet were statistically associated with anaemia (P = 0.04 and P = 0.003). Age, floor type, absence of toilet and BMI were significantly associated with malnutrition (P = 0.00, P = 0.01, P = 0.02 and P = 0.003).

Conclusion

This study revealed a low prevalence of malnutrition and anaemia which could be attributed to the deworming and nutrition supplement strategies which have been implemented.

Authors+Show Affiliations

Center for Research on filariasis and other Tropical Diseases (CRFilMT), Yaoundé, Cameroon. Department of Microbiology and Parasitology, Faculty of Science, University of Buéa, Buéa, Cameroon.Section for Epidemiology and Social Medicine, Department of Public Health, Institute of Medicine, The Sahlgrenska Academy at University of Gothenburg, Gothenburg, Sweden. Faculty of Health Sciences, University of the Free State, Bloemfontein, South Africa. School of Health Systems and Public Health Faculty of Health Sciences, University of Pretoria Private Bag X323, Gezina, Pretoria, 0001, Pretoria, South Africa.African Population Health and Research Center (APHRC), Nairobi, Kenya.Elizabeth Glaser Pediatric AIDS Foundation (EGPAF), Yaoundé, Cameroon.Department of Biochemistry and Molecular Biology, Faculty of Science, University of Buéa, Buéa, Cameroon.Department of Microbiology and Parasitology, Faculty of Science, University of Buéa, Buéa, Cameroon.

Pub Type(s)

Journal Article

Language

eng

PubMed ID

31223401

Citation

Tabi, Egbe Sarah Balle, et al. "A Cross-sectional Survey On the Prevalence of Anaemia and Malnutrition in Primary School Children in the Tiko Health District, Cameroon." The Pan African Medical Journal, vol. 32, 2019, p. 111.
Tabi ESB, Cumber SN, Juma KO, et al. A cross-sectional survey on the prevalence of anaemia and malnutrition in primary school children in the Tiko Health District, Cameroon. Pan Afr Med J. 2019;32:111.
Tabi, E. S. B., Cumber, S. N., Juma, K. O., Ngoh, E. A., Akum, E. A., & Eyong, E. M. (2019). A cross-sectional survey on the prevalence of anaemia and malnutrition in primary school children in the Tiko Health District, Cameroon. The Pan African Medical Journal, 32, p. 111. doi:10.11604/pamj.2019.32.111.15728.
Tabi ESB, et al. A Cross-sectional Survey On the Prevalence of Anaemia and Malnutrition in Primary School Children in the Tiko Health District, Cameroon. Pan Afr Med J. 2019;32:111. PubMed PMID: 31223401.
* Article titles in AMA citation format should be in sentence-case
TY - JOUR T1 - A cross-sectional survey on the prevalence of anaemia and malnutrition in primary school children in the Tiko Health District, Cameroon. AU - Tabi,Egbe Sarah Balle, AU - Cumber,Samuel Nambile, AU - Juma,Kenneth Okoth, AU - Ngoh,Elvis Akwo, AU - Akum,Eric Achidi, AU - Eyong,Esum Mathias, Y1 - 2019/03/11/ PY - 2018/04/07/received PY - 2019/02/15/accepted PY - 2019/6/22/entrez PY - 2019/6/22/pubmed PY - 2019/7/4/medline KW - Anaemia KW - malnutrition KW - predictors KW - prevalence KW - school children KW - stunting KW - underweight KW - wasting SP - 111 EP - 111 JF - The Pan African medical journal JO - Pan Afr Med J VL - 32 N2 - Introduction: Anaemia and malnutrition are common health problems in developing countries with children being the most vulnerable. They have negative impacts on human performance, growth and development, in children, both as cause and consequences of disease. Although annual mass deworming and nutrition supplement strategies have been implemented in the Tiko Health District (THD), no study has been carried out to determine the prevalence of anaemia and malnutrition. The aim of this study was therefore designed to determine the prevalence of anaemia and malnutrition among primary school children aged 5-15 years in the Tiko Health District. Methods: A cross-sectional study was carried out in 10 randomly selected schools in the THD and a total of 400 school children were enrolled in the study. Body weight and height were measured using an electronic weighing scale and stadiometer respectively. Anthropometric indices: Height-for-Age Z scores (HAZ), Weight-for-Age Z scores (WAZ) and Body Mass Index-for-Age Z scores (BMIAZ) were analyzed and compared with WHO Growth Reference Standards using WHO Anthroplus software. Hemoglobin levels were determined using Urit-12 Haemoglobinometer and anaemia defined as Hemoglobin (Hb) < 11g/dl. Data analysis was done using the SPSS software. Results: The overall prevalence of malnutrition was 9.25%, prevalence of stunting 7.5% with 0.8% being severely stunted. The prevalence of wasting was 1% and underweight 0.7%. The overall prevalence of anaemia was 5%. Parents occupation and the absence of toilet were statistically associated with anaemia (P = 0.04 and P = 0.003). Age, floor type, absence of toilet and BMI were significantly associated with malnutrition (P = 0.00, P = 0.01, P = 0.02 and P = 0.003). Conclusion: This study revealed a low prevalence of malnutrition and anaemia which could be attributed to the deworming and nutrition supplement strategies which have been implemented. SN - 1937-8688 UR - https://www.unboundmedicine.com/medline/citation/31223401/A_cross-sectional_survey_on_the_prevalence_of_anaemia_and_malnutrition_in_primary_school_children_in_the_Tiko_Health_District,_Cameroon L2 - http://www.panafrican-med-journal.com/content/article/32/111/full/ DB - PRIME DP - Unbound Medicine ER -