Involvement of Endothelin Receptors in Peripheral Sensory Neuropathy Induced by Oxaliplatin in Mice.Neurotox Res 2019; 36(4):688-699NR
The aim of this study was to evaluate the participation of the endothelin ETA and ETB receptors and the effects of bosentan in oxaliplatin-induced peripheral sensory neuropathy (OIN) in mice. Adult male Swiss mice received 1 mg/kg of oxaliplatin intravenously, twice a week for 5 weeks. Dorsal root ganglia (DRG) and spinal cords were removed for evaluation of the endothelin ETA and ETB receptor expression. Afterwards, selective (BQ-123 and BQ-788; 10 nmol in 30 μL, intraplantarly) and non-selective (bosentan, 100 mg/kg, orally) antagonists were administered in order to evaluate the involvement of the endothelin receptors in OIN. Mechanical and thermal nociception tests were performed once a week for 56 days. Oxaliplatin induced mechanical and thermal hypersensitivity and increased the endothelin ETA receptor expression in both the DRG and spinal cord (P < 0.05). Endothelin ETB receptor expression was increased in the DRG (P < 0.05) but not in the spinal cord. Both endothelin ETA and ETB receptor selective antagonists partially prevented mechanical hyperalgesia in mice with OIN (P < 0.05). Moreover, bosentan prevented mechanical and thermal hypersensitivity in oxaliplatin-treated mice (P < 0.05). In conclusion, both endothelin ETA and ETB receptors seem to be involved in the OIN in mice and they should be considered possible targets for the management of this clinical feature.