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Microplastics as a threat to coral reef environments: Detection of phthalate esters in neuston and scleractinian corals from the Faafu Atoll, Maldives.
Mar Pollut Bull. 2019 May; 142:234-241.MP

Abstract

The impact of microplastics (MPs) on reef-building corals are still largely unknown. The scientific literature provides evidence from lab feeding trials that coral may ingest MPs. Several adverse effects, i.e., necrosis and bleaching, have also been highlighted. However, field studies are limited. Here, we investigated for the first time the possible correlation between MP seawater contamination and the presence of phthalic acid esters (PAEs), a class of MP-associated contaminants, in scleractinian corals. The survey was carried out in a remote coral reef atoll in the Indian Ocean located in the Maldivian archipelago, considered as a case study. MPs and PAEs were monitored in subsurface neustonic tow samples and scleractinian corals across twelve sampling sites. The results showed widespread MP contamination and the presence of appreciable levels of PAEs in the scleractinian corals sampled inside the atoll rim near an inhabited island, which correlated with the highest MP concentration.

Authors+Show Affiliations

Earth and Environmental Science Department, University of Milano Bicocca, Piazza della Scienza 1, 20126 Milano, Italy. Electronic address: francesco.saliu@unimib.it.Earth and Environmental Science Department, University of Milano Bicocca, Piazza della Scienza 1, 20126 Milano, Italy; MaRHE Center (Marine Research and High Education Center), Magoodhoo Island Faafu Atoll, Maldives.Earth and Environmental Science Department, University of Milano Bicocca, Piazza della Scienza 1, 20126 Milano, Italy.Earth and Environmental Science Department, University of Milano Bicocca, Piazza della Scienza 1, 20126 Milano, Italy.Earth and Environmental Science Department, University of Milano Bicocca, Piazza della Scienza 1, 20126 Milano, Italy; MaRHE Center (Marine Research and High Education Center), Magoodhoo Island Faafu Atoll, Maldives.

Pub Type(s)

Journal Article

Language

eng

PubMed ID

31232298

Citation

Saliu, Francesco, et al. "Microplastics as a Threat to Coral Reef Environments: Detection of Phthalate Esters in Neuston and Scleractinian Corals From the Faafu Atoll, Maldives." Marine Pollution Bulletin, vol. 142, 2019, pp. 234-241.
Saliu F, Montano S, Leoni B, et al. Microplastics as a threat to coral reef environments: Detection of phthalate esters in neuston and scleractinian corals from the Faafu Atoll, Maldives. Mar Pollut Bull. 2019;142:234-241.
Saliu, F., Montano, S., Leoni, B., Lasagni, M., & Galli, P. (2019). Microplastics as a threat to coral reef environments: Detection of phthalate esters in neuston and scleractinian corals from the Faafu Atoll, Maldives. Marine Pollution Bulletin, 142, 234-241. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.marpolbul.2019.03.043
Saliu F, et al. Microplastics as a Threat to Coral Reef Environments: Detection of Phthalate Esters in Neuston and Scleractinian Corals From the Faafu Atoll, Maldives. Mar Pollut Bull. 2019;142:234-241. PubMed PMID: 31232298.
* Article titles in AMA citation format should be in sentence-case
TY - JOUR T1 - Microplastics as a threat to coral reef environments: Detection of phthalate esters in neuston and scleractinian corals from the Faafu Atoll, Maldives. AU - Saliu,Francesco, AU - Montano,Simone, AU - Leoni,Barbara, AU - Lasagni,Marina, AU - Galli,Paolo, Y1 - 2019/03/28/ PY - 2019/01/22/received PY - 2019/03/19/revised PY - 2019/03/20/accepted PY - 2019/6/25/entrez PY - 2019/6/25/pubmed PY - 2019/8/27/medline KW - Acropora KW - DEHP KW - Neuston KW - Phthalic acid esters (PAEs) KW - Plastic debris KW - Seawater SP - 234 EP - 241 JF - Marine pollution bulletin JO - Mar. Pollut. Bull. VL - 142 N2 - The impact of microplastics (MPs) on reef-building corals are still largely unknown. The scientific literature provides evidence from lab feeding trials that coral may ingest MPs. Several adverse effects, i.e., necrosis and bleaching, have also been highlighted. However, field studies are limited. Here, we investigated for the first time the possible correlation between MP seawater contamination and the presence of phthalic acid esters (PAEs), a class of MP-associated contaminants, in scleractinian corals. The survey was carried out in a remote coral reef atoll in the Indian Ocean located in the Maldivian archipelago, considered as a case study. MPs and PAEs were monitored in subsurface neustonic tow samples and scleractinian corals across twelve sampling sites. The results showed widespread MP contamination and the presence of appreciable levels of PAEs in the scleractinian corals sampled inside the atoll rim near an inhabited island, which correlated with the highest MP concentration. SN - 1879-3363 UR - https://www.unboundmedicine.com/medline/citation/31232298/Microplastics_as_a_threat_to_coral_reef_environments:_Detection_of_phthalate_esters_in_neuston_and_scleractinian_corals_from_the_Faafu_Atoll_Maldives_ L2 - https://linkinghub.elsevier.com/retrieve/pii/S0025-326X(19)30227-9 DB - PRIME DP - Unbound Medicine ER -