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Physical fitness and physical activity of 6-7-year-old children according to weight status and sports participation.
PLoS One. 2019; 14(6):e0218901.Plos

Abstract

BACKGROUND

The aim of this study was to investigate physical fitness and physical activity (PA) of 6-7-year-old children just before entering school according to their sports club (SC) participation and weight status, and to examine possible associations of their body mass index, fat mass and fat-free mass with physical fitness and PA.

METHODS

A total of 256 preschoolers aged 6 to 7 years participated in the study. Physical fitness was assessed using PREFIT test battery and objective PA by 7 day accelerometry. Body composition was estimated using two skinfold thickness parameters. SC participation and parental data were assessed by questionnaires.

RESULTS

Children participating in SC had higher moderate-to-vigorous PA, vigorous PA and cardiorespiratory fitness than children not participating in SC. Overweight children had lower results in cardiorespiratory fitness and all weight-bearing fitness tests, and better results in handgrip strength test in comparison with normal weight children. Significant associations were found between body composition indices and physical fitness tests. PA level was associated with fat-free mass and physical fitness but not with fatness indices.

CONCLUSIONS

Weight-status and body composition together with PA level were associated with physical fitness level. The differences in physical fitness based more upon weight status than SC participation among 6-7-years old children.

Authors+Show Affiliations

Institute of Sports Sciences and Physiotherapy, Faculty of Medicine, University of Tartu, Tartu, Estonia.Institute of Sports Sciences and Physiotherapy, Faculty of Medicine, University of Tartu, Tartu, Estonia.Institute of Sports Sciences and Physiotherapy, Faculty of Medicine, University of Tartu, Tartu, Estonia.Institute of Sports Sciences and Physiotherapy, Faculty of Medicine, University of Tartu, Tartu, Estonia.Institute of Sports Sciences and Physiotherapy, Faculty of Medicine, University of Tartu, Tartu, Estonia.

Pub Type(s)

Journal Article
Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't

Language

eng

PubMed ID

31237932

Citation

Riso, Eva-Maria, et al. "Physical Fitness and Physical Activity of 6-7-year-old Children According to Weight Status and Sports Participation." PloS One, vol. 14, no. 6, 2019, pp. e0218901.
Riso EM, Toplaan L, Viira P, et al. Physical fitness and physical activity of 6-7-year-old children according to weight status and sports participation. PLoS ONE. 2019;14(6):e0218901.
Riso, E. M., Toplaan, L., Viira, P., Vaiksaar, S., & Jürimäe, J. (2019). Physical fitness and physical activity of 6-7-year-old children according to weight status and sports participation. PloS One, 14(6), e0218901. https://doi.org/10.1371/journal.pone.0218901
Riso EM, et al. Physical Fitness and Physical Activity of 6-7-year-old Children According to Weight Status and Sports Participation. PLoS ONE. 2019;14(6):e0218901. PubMed PMID: 31237932.
* Article titles in AMA citation format should be in sentence-case
TY - JOUR T1 - Physical fitness and physical activity of 6-7-year-old children according to weight status and sports participation. AU - Riso,Eva-Maria, AU - Toplaan,Lisette, AU - Viira,Piret, AU - Vaiksaar,Sille, AU - Jürimäe,Jaak, Y1 - 2019/06/25/ PY - 2019/03/06/received PY - 2019/06/11/accepted PY - 2019/6/26/entrez PY - 2019/6/27/pubmed PY - 2020/2/15/medline SP - e0218901 EP - e0218901 JF - PloS one JO - PLoS ONE VL - 14 IS - 6 N2 - BACKGROUND: The aim of this study was to investigate physical fitness and physical activity (PA) of 6-7-year-old children just before entering school according to their sports club (SC) participation and weight status, and to examine possible associations of their body mass index, fat mass and fat-free mass with physical fitness and PA. METHODS: A total of 256 preschoolers aged 6 to 7 years participated in the study. Physical fitness was assessed using PREFIT test battery and objective PA by 7 day accelerometry. Body composition was estimated using two skinfold thickness parameters. SC participation and parental data were assessed by questionnaires. RESULTS: Children participating in SC had higher moderate-to-vigorous PA, vigorous PA and cardiorespiratory fitness than children not participating in SC. Overweight children had lower results in cardiorespiratory fitness and all weight-bearing fitness tests, and better results in handgrip strength test in comparison with normal weight children. Significant associations were found between body composition indices and physical fitness tests. PA level was associated with fat-free mass and physical fitness but not with fatness indices. CONCLUSIONS: Weight-status and body composition together with PA level were associated with physical fitness level. The differences in physical fitness based more upon weight status than SC participation among 6-7-years old children. SN - 1932-6203 UR - https://www.unboundmedicine.com/medline/citation/31237932/Physical_fitness_and_physical_activity_of_6_7_year_old_children_according_to_weight_status_and_sports_participation_ L2 - http://dx.plos.org/10.1371/journal.pone.0218901 DB - PRIME DP - Unbound Medicine ER -