Comparison of multiple doses of cyclosporine A on germ cell apoptosis and epididymal sperm parameters after testicular ischemia/reperfusion in rats.Exp Mol Pathol. 2019 10; 110:104271.EM
Testicular torsion/detorsion (T/D) is an inflammatory problem in men genital system with infertility effects. Cyclosporine A (CsA) as an immunosuppressant medication, exerts anti-inflammatory properties in tissue injuries. We sought to compare the efficacy of 3 doses of CsA on oxidative stress, apoptosis and epididymal sperm quality after ipsilateral testicular T/D.
96 mature male rats were divided into six groups 16 each in: Control group (Group1), Sham operated (Group2), In rest groups, the right testis was twisted 720° in a clockwise direction for 1 h; T/D + 0.1% dimethylsulfoxide) DMSO((Group3), and in groups 4-6; CsA were administered 1, 5, and 10 mg/kg, intravenously (iv) 30 and 90 min after torsion, respectively.
Tissue malondialdehyde (MDA) level and caspase-3 activity increased and catalase (CAT), superoxide dismutase (SOD) and glutathione peroxidase (GPx) activities decreased in compared with control group 4 h after detorsion (p < .001). In six rats of each group 24 h after detorsion, histopathological changes and germ cell apoptosis were significantly deteriorated by determining mean of seminiferous tubules diameters (MSTD) and TUNEL assay. Moreover, 30 days after T/D, sperm concentration and motility were examined in rest of animals.
Pre- and post-reperfusion CsA diminished MDA and caspase-3levels and normalized antioxidant enzymes activities. Germ cell apoptosis was significantly reduced, as well as, MSTD and long-term sperm insults were improved. Inhibition of mitochondrial permeability transition pore opening is suggested mechanism for cell protection against testicular T/D insults.