Otitis media related hearing loss in Indonesian school children.Int J Pediatr Otorhinolaryngol. 2019 Oct; 125:44-50.IJ
There are scant recent studies from low middle-income countries that investigate the impact of otitis media (OM) on hearing loss (HL) in school children.
This was a prospective epidemiological survey conducted by otorhinolaryngologists and audiologists in a sample of 7005 public school children (6-15 years) from 6 urban and rural sub-districts, in Indonesia. Children with otoscopic abnormalities or who failed a hearing-screening test conducted at school, underwent diagnostic audiometry and tympanometry.
OM was detected in 172 children (2.5%), acute otitis media - AOM (17%), otitis media with effusion - OME (15%), and chronic suppurative otitis media - CSOM (67%). The overall rate of HL in the school children was 181/10,000, which was almost three-fold higher in rural (273/10,000) than urban areas 92.6/10,000. OME accounted for much of the mild HL, while CSOM accounted for most of the moderate HL. There was a significantly higher rate of OM related HL in rural areas (116.2/10,000), than in urban areas (47.4/10,000), p = 0.002. OM related disabling HL was found at a rate of 44.2/10,000, mostly due to CSOM (37.1/10,000).
Otitis media contributed to 57% of all HL in school children, and posed a significant burden on Indonesian school children. Most of the disabling HL was due to CSOM. Efforts to find these children and offer ear and hearing care are important.