Vaginal reconstruction for distal vaginal atresia without anorectal malformation: is the approach different?Pediatr Surg Int 2019; 35(9):963-966PS
Distal vaginal atresia is a rare condition and treatment approaches are varied, usually driven by symptoms.
A retrospective review was performed to identify patients with distal vaginal atresia without anorectal malformation. Data collected included age and symptoms at presentation, type and number of operations, and associated anomalies.
Eight patients were identified. Four presented at birth with a hydrocolpos and four presented with hematometrocolpos after 12 years of age. Number of operations per patient ranged from one to seven with an average of three. The vaginal reconstruction was achieved by perineal vaginal mobilization in four patients and abdomino-perineal approach in four patients. One patient, with a proximal vagina approximately 7 cm from the perineum, required partial vaginal replacement with colon. In addition, she had hematometrocolpos with an acute inflammation at the time of reconstruction despite menstrual suppression and drainage which may have contributed to the difficulty in mobilizing the vagina. In five patients, distal vaginal atresia was an isolated anomaly. In the other three cases, associated anomalies included: mild hydronephrosis that improved after hydrocolpos decompression (2), cardiac anomaly (2), and vertebral anomaly (1).
In this series, a distended upper vagina/uterus was a common presentation and the time of reconstruction was driven by the presence of symptoms. Drainage of the hydrocolpos/hydrometrocolpos with menstrual suppression in post-pubertal patients, followed by further work-up, and planned reconstruction is a good surgical strategy.