Differential expression of HLA-DR, HLA-DP, HLA-DQ and associated invariant chain (Ii) in normal colorectal mucosa, adenoma and carcinoma.Virchows Arch A Pathol Anat Histopathol. 1988; 412(4):315-22.VA
The expression of MHC class II antigens (HLA-DR, HLA-DP and HLA-DQ) and the associated invariant chain (Ii) was studied in epithelial cells of normal colorectal mucosae, colorectal adenomas and carcinomas, using a sensitive immunoperoxidase technique with monoclonal antibodies on frozen sections. In contrast to class II antigens, Ii was detected in some normal mucosae distant from the tumour. In residual non-neoplastic mucosa adjacent to carcinomas, Ii and class II antigens were induced in the order Ii greater than or equal to HLA-DR greater than or equal to HLA-DP greater than or equal to HLA-DQ, the reactions being most pronounced in cases with inflammatory alteration of the crypts. In 22/37 adenomas and 77/123 carcinomas, Ii expression clearly exceeded class II antigen expression. Class II antigens were found in 20/37 adenomas and 62/123 carcinomas, mostly in a non-coordinate manner, following the above order. A detailed analysis of the expression patterns in normal and neoplastic colon epithelial cells revealed a closer association of HLA-DP with HLA-DQ than of HLA-DR with HLA-DP, or HLA-DQ.