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Intimate partner violence and associated factors among pregnant women attending antenatal care service in Debre Markos town health facilities, Northwest Ethiopia.
PLoS One. 2019; 14(7):e0218722.Plos

Abstract

BACKGROUND

Intimate partner violence is a thoughtful public health concern and human rights violation towards pregnant women for it has a significant negative health effect on the life of both the mother and her fetus. However, there is a scanty of information about the extent of intimate partner violence during pregnancy in Ethiopia, particularly in the study area. Therefore, the current study was conducted to determine the prevalence of intimate partner violence among pregnant women attending antenatal care and identify associated factors that cause it.

METHODS

An institution based cross-sectional study was conducted on 409 pregnant women who were attending antenatal care service in Debre Markos town from March 17, 2018 -April 28, 2018. Systematic random sampling technique was used to select study participants. A pre-tested structured questionnaire was used to collect the data. Bivariable and Multivariable logistic regression models were done. Adjusted odds ratio with 95% confidence interval was used to identify factors associated with intimate partner violence during pregnancy.

RESULTS

The prevalence of intimate partner violence during current pregnancy was found to be 41.1% (95% confidence interval (CI): 36.0-46.0). Of this, the prevalence of psychological, physical, and sexual violence was 29.1%, 21%, 19.8% respectively. Lower educational status of partners (AOR = 3.26, 95%CI: 1.45-7.36), rural residency (AOR = 4.04, 95%CI: 1.17-13.93), frequent alcohol abuse by partner (AOR = 4.79, 95% CI: 2.08-11.04), early initiation of antenatal care (AOR = 0.44, 95% CI: 0.24-0.81), the age of women between 17-26 years (Adjusted odds ratio (AOR) = 0.21, 95%CI: 0.09-0.49),choice of partner by the women only (AOR = 3.26,95% CI:1.24-8.57) were statistically significant factors associated with intimate partner violence towards pregnant women.

CONCLUSIONS

In this study, the prevalence of intimate partner violence during pregnancy is found to be high. As a result, interventions that would address the above mentioned factors need to be implemented.

Authors+Show Affiliations

Reproductive Health, School of Midwifery, College of Medicine and Health Sciences, University of Gondar, Gondar, Ethiopia.Department of Reproductive Health, Institute of Public Health, College of Medicine and Health Sciences, University of Gondar, Gondar, Ethiopia.Department of Epidemiology and Biostatistics, Institute of Public Health, College of Medicine and Health Sciences, University of Gondar, Gondar, Ethiopia.

Pub Type(s)

Journal Article

Language

eng

PubMed ID

31260469

Citation

Azene, Zelalem Nigussie, et al. "Intimate Partner Violence and Associated Factors Among Pregnant Women Attending Antenatal Care Service in Debre Markos Town Health Facilities, Northwest Ethiopia." PloS One, vol. 14, no. 7, 2019, pp. e0218722.
Azene ZN, Yeshita HY, Mekonnen FA. Intimate partner violence and associated factors among pregnant women attending antenatal care service in Debre Markos town health facilities, Northwest Ethiopia. PLoS One. 2019;14(7):e0218722.
Azene, Z. N., Yeshita, H. Y., & Mekonnen, F. A. (2019). Intimate partner violence and associated factors among pregnant women attending antenatal care service in Debre Markos town health facilities, Northwest Ethiopia. PloS One, 14(7), e0218722. https://doi.org/10.1371/journal.pone.0218722
Azene ZN, Yeshita HY, Mekonnen FA. Intimate Partner Violence and Associated Factors Among Pregnant Women Attending Antenatal Care Service in Debre Markos Town Health Facilities, Northwest Ethiopia. PLoS One. 2019;14(7):e0218722. PubMed PMID: 31260469.
* Article titles in AMA citation format should be in sentence-case
TY - JOUR T1 - Intimate partner violence and associated factors among pregnant women attending antenatal care service in Debre Markos town health facilities, Northwest Ethiopia. AU - Azene,Zelalem Nigussie, AU - Yeshita,Hedija Yenus, AU - Mekonnen,Fantahun Ayenew, Y1 - 2019/07/01/ PY - 2018/11/26/received PY - 2019/06/07/accepted PY - 2019/7/2/entrez PY - 2019/7/2/pubmed PY - 2020/2/19/medline SP - e0218722 EP - e0218722 JF - PloS one JO - PLoS One VL - 14 IS - 7 N2 - BACKGROUND: Intimate partner violence is a thoughtful public health concern and human rights violation towards pregnant women for it has a significant negative health effect on the life of both the mother and her fetus. However, there is a scanty of information about the extent of intimate partner violence during pregnancy in Ethiopia, particularly in the study area. Therefore, the current study was conducted to determine the prevalence of intimate partner violence among pregnant women attending antenatal care and identify associated factors that cause it. METHODS: An institution based cross-sectional study was conducted on 409 pregnant women who were attending antenatal care service in Debre Markos town from March 17, 2018 -April 28, 2018. Systematic random sampling technique was used to select study participants. A pre-tested structured questionnaire was used to collect the data. Bivariable and Multivariable logistic regression models were done. Adjusted odds ratio with 95% confidence interval was used to identify factors associated with intimate partner violence during pregnancy. RESULTS: The prevalence of intimate partner violence during current pregnancy was found to be 41.1% (95% confidence interval (CI): 36.0-46.0). Of this, the prevalence of psychological, physical, and sexual violence was 29.1%, 21%, 19.8% respectively. Lower educational status of partners (AOR = 3.26, 95%CI: 1.45-7.36), rural residency (AOR = 4.04, 95%CI: 1.17-13.93), frequent alcohol abuse by partner (AOR = 4.79, 95% CI: 2.08-11.04), early initiation of antenatal care (AOR = 0.44, 95% CI: 0.24-0.81), the age of women between 17-26 years (Adjusted odds ratio (AOR) = 0.21, 95%CI: 0.09-0.49),choice of partner by the women only (AOR = 3.26,95% CI:1.24-8.57) were statistically significant factors associated with intimate partner violence towards pregnant women. CONCLUSIONS: In this study, the prevalence of intimate partner violence during pregnancy is found to be high. As a result, interventions that would address the above mentioned factors need to be implemented. SN - 1932-6203 UR - https://www.unboundmedicine.com/medline/citation/31260469/Intimate_partner_violence_and_associated_factors_among_pregnant_women_attending_antenatal_care_service_in_Debre_Markos_town_health_facilities_Northwest_Ethiopia_ L2 - https://dx.plos.org/10.1371/journal.pone.0218722 DB - PRIME DP - Unbound Medicine ER -