Epidemiology of Pediatric Severe Sepsis in Main PICU Centers in Southwest China.Pediatr Crit Care Med. 2019 12; 20(12):1118-1125.PC
To estimate the prevalence, management, and outcomes of pediatric severe sepsis in the main PICUs in Southwest China.
A prospective, observational, and multicenter study.
Eight PICUs in Southwest China with 19 (13-24) beds and 1,322 (1,066-1,452) annual admissions each.
A total of 10,598 patients (29 d to 18 yr old) were consecutively admitted between September 1, 2016, and August 31, 2017. All patients were screened and evaluated for severe sepsis or septic shock. Of them, 10,353 patients were excluded due to incomplete data or not meeting the consensus criteria for severe sepsis or septic shock; 245 patients were included with complete data.
MEASUREMENTS AND MAIN RESULTS
Finally, 245 patients who were diagnosed with severe sepsis or septic shock were included in the study, with an incidence rate of 2.3%. Of them, 64.0% of the enrolled patients were male with 80.8% being less than 5 years old and 60.8% being from rural areas. The respiratory system was the most common organ system in which dysfunction was observed (76.7%) as well as the most frequently infected site (37.6%). The primary therapies were antibiotics (99.0%), immunoglobulin (88.3%), mechanical ventilation (78.4%), vasoactive infusions (59.6%), and corticosteroids (46.1%). Among the 188 patients who had respiratory dysfunction, 173(92%) required mechanical ventilation and 39 (20.7%) met the criteria for pediatric acute respiratory distress syndrome. Seven of the patients with pediatric acute respiratory distress syndrome died (7/39, 17.9%). The median durations for mechanical ventilation and vasoactive medications were 123.5 hours (35.25-226.00 hr) and 2 days (1-5 d), respectively. Eighty-six percent of patients had multiple organ dysfunction syndrome at the point at which severe sepsis was recognized, and 31% had underlying conditions. The hospital mortality rate was 18.8%.
This report is the first to present the prevalence, treatment, and outcomes of pediatric severe sepsis in the main PICU centers in Southwest China. The mortality rate remains high; therefore, improved clinical management and implementation of large-scale clinical trials are necessary to improve early diagnoses and treatment.