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Smoke-free and tobacco-free colleges and universities in the United States.

Abstract

OBJECTIVE

To describe the number and proportion of accredited, degree-granting institutions with 100% smoke-free and 100% tobacco-free protections across the USA and by state.

METHODS

Data on postsecondary education institutions from the US Department of Education National Center for Education Statistics Integrated Postsecondary Education Data System 2015, and smoke-free and tobacco-free campus protections from the American Nonsmokers' Rights Foundation's Smokefree and Tobacco-Free Colleges and Universities List 2017, were integrated to calculate the number and proportion of: (1) smoke-free and tobacco-free accredited, degree-granting institutions and (2) students and staff protected by campus policies and state laws. Campus protections are given a 100% smoke-free designation if smoking is not allowed on campus anywhere, at any time; 100% tobacco-free designations extend smoke-free protections to include non-combustible products such as smokeless tobacco.

RESULTS

823 accredited, degree-granting institutions (16.7%) representing 1816 individual campuses, sites and schools have either 100% smoke-free or 100% tobacco-free protections. An estimated 14.9 million college students (26.9%) and 8.9 million faculty and staff (25.4%) are protected by campus policies and state laws. Only three states and two territories have 100% smoke-free or 100% tobacco-free protections in over half of their institutions; four states and six territories have no known 100% smoke-free or 100% tobacco-free campus protections.

CONCLUSIONS

In 2017, just 16.7% of accredited, degree-granting institutions in the USA had 100% smoke-free or 100% tobacco-free protections. Despite progress, more efforts can ensure that students and staff benefit from comprehensive 100% smoke-free and 100% tobacco-free protections at US colleges and universities.

Authors+Show Affiliations

HCIRB/BRP/DCCPS, National Cancer Institute, Bethesda, Maryland, USA kelly.blake@nih.gov.BLH Technologies, Inc, Rockville, Maryland, USA.American Nonsmokers' Rights Foundation, Berkeley, California, USA.American Nonsmokers' Rights Foundation, Berkeley, California, USA.American Nonsmokers' Rights Foundation, Berkeley, California, USA.American Cancer Society, Inc, Atlanta, Georgia, USA.American Cancer Society, Inc, Atlanta, Georgia, USA.Harvard TH Chan School of Public Health and Harvard Kennedy School, Boston, Massachusetts, USA.

Pub Type(s)

Journal Article

Language

eng

PubMed ID

31266902

Citation

Blake, Kelly D., et al. "Smoke-free and Tobacco-free Colleges and Universities in the United States." Tobacco Control, 2019.
Blake KD, Klein AL, Walpert L, et al. Smoke-free and tobacco-free colleges and universities in the United States. Tob Control. 2019.
Blake, K. D., Klein, A. L., Walpert, L., Casey, L., Hallett, C., Douglas, C., ... Koh, H. K. (2019). Smoke-free and tobacco-free colleges and universities in the United States. Tobacco Control, doi:10.1136/tobaccocontrol-2018-054829.
Blake KD, et al. Smoke-free and Tobacco-free Colleges and Universities in the United States. Tob Control. 2019 Jul 2; PubMed PMID: 31266902.
* Article titles in AMA citation format should be in sentence-case
TY - JOUR T1 - Smoke-free and tobacco-free colleges and universities in the United States. AU - Blake,Kelly D, AU - Klein,Amanda L, AU - Walpert,Laura, AU - Casey,Len, AU - Hallett,Cynthia, AU - Douglas,Clifford, AU - Sinha,Bidisha, AU - Koh,Howard K, Y1 - 2019/07/02/ PY - 2018/11/05/received PY - 2019/03/15/revised PY - 2019/03/20/accepted PY - 2019/7/4/entrez KW - campus KW - college KW - policy KW - smoke-free KW - student KW - university JF - Tobacco control JO - Tob Control N2 - OBJECTIVE: To describe the number and proportion of accredited, degree-granting institutions with 100% smoke-free and 100% tobacco-free protections across the USA and by state. METHODS: Data on postsecondary education institutions from the US Department of Education National Center for Education Statistics Integrated Postsecondary Education Data System 2015, and smoke-free and tobacco-free campus protections from the American Nonsmokers' Rights Foundation's Smokefree and Tobacco-Free Colleges and Universities List 2017, were integrated to calculate the number and proportion of: (1) smoke-free and tobacco-free accredited, degree-granting institutions and (2) students and staff protected by campus policies and state laws. Campus protections are given a 100% smoke-free designation if smoking is not allowed on campus anywhere, at any time; 100% tobacco-free designations extend smoke-free protections to include non-combustible products such as smokeless tobacco. RESULTS: 823 accredited, degree-granting institutions (16.7%) representing 1816 individual campuses, sites and schools have either 100% smoke-free or 100% tobacco-free protections. An estimated 14.9 million college students (26.9%) and 8.9 million faculty and staff (25.4%) are protected by campus policies and state laws. Only three states and two territories have 100% smoke-free or 100% tobacco-free protections in over half of their institutions; four states and six territories have no known 100% smoke-free or 100% tobacco-free campus protections. CONCLUSIONS: In 2017, just 16.7% of accredited, degree-granting institutions in the USA had 100% smoke-free or 100% tobacco-free protections. Despite progress, more efforts can ensure that students and staff benefit from comprehensive 100% smoke-free and 100% tobacco-free protections at US colleges and universities. SN - 1468-3318 UR - https://www.unboundmedicine.com/medline/citation/31266902/Smoke_free_and_tobacco_free_colleges_and_universities_in_the_United_States_ L2 - http://tobaccocontrol.bmj.com/cgi/pmidlookup?view=long&pmid=31266902 DB - PRIME DP - Unbound Medicine ER -