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Stunting and Its Determinants among Adolescent Girls: Findings from the Nutrition Surveillance Project, Northwest Ethiopia.
Ecol Food Nutr. 2019 Sep-Oct; 58(5):481-494.EF

Abstract

Under nutrition among adolescents is a major public health problem in Ethiopia and its causes are under investigated. Therefore, this study aimed to assess the prevalence of stunting and its determinants among adolescent girls in Dabat district. A total of 1556 adolescent girls were included in the study. The WHO's Anthro-plus software was used to generate the height for age z-scores. Variables having a p-value<0.2 in the simple logistic regression were entered into multiple logistic regression and a p-value < 0.05 were considered statistically significant. About 47.4%(95%CI; 45.0, 49.6%) of adolescent girls were stunted. Being in the early (AOR = 0.027, 95%CI: 0.08, 0.09) and middle age (AOR = 0.21, 95%CI: 0.06, 0.71) were less likely to be stunted compared with the late adolescent. The odds of stunting were found to be higher among adolescent of rural area (AOR = 1.45; 95%CI: 1.01, 2.10) and from household food in-secured (AOR = 1.33; 95%CI: 1.02, 1.73)families. Higher numbers of adolescent girls are stunted in Dabat district, suggesting severe public health importance of the problem. Age, residence and food security were associated with adolescent stunting. Thus, improving food security strategies targeting rural and food insecure households is recommended. Abbreviations: AOR= Adjusted Odd Ratio,CI= Confidence Interval, COR= Crude Odd Ratio, ENSSPI=Establishing Nutrition Surveillance System and Piloting Interventions HAZ=Height for Age, HDSS=Health and Demographic Surveillance System, HFSS=Household Food Security Status, INDEPTH=International Network of Demographic Evaluation of Population and Their Health, IQR=Inter Quartile Range, NNP=National Nutrition Program, NSHFP=National School Health and Feeding Program, SPSS=Statically Package for Social Science, WHO= World Health Organization.

Authors+Show Affiliations

No affiliation info availableDepartment of Human Nutrition, Institute of Public Health, University of Gondar , Gondar , Ethiopia.Department of Human Nutrition, Institute of Public Health, University of Gondar , Gondar , Ethiopia.Department of Human Nutrition, Institute of Public Health, University of Gondar , Gondar , Ethiopia.Department of Human Nutrition, Institute of Public Health, University of Gondar , Gondar , Ethiopia.Department of Health Education and Behavioral Sciences, Institute of Public Health, University of Gondar , Gondar , Ethiopia.Department of Health ServiceManagement and Health Economics, Institute of Public Health, University of Gondar , Gondar , Ethiopia.Department of Epidemiology and Biostatics, Institute of Public Health, University of Gondar , Gondar , Ethiopia.Department of Epidemiology and Biostatics, Institute of Public Health, University of Gondar , Gondar , Ethiopia.Department of Epidemiology and Biostatics, Institute of Public Health, University of Gondar , Gondar , Ethiopia.Department of Human Nutrition, Institute of Public Health, University of Gondar , Gondar , Ethiopia.Department of Human Nutrition, Institute of Public Health, University of Gondar , Gondar , Ethiopia.Department of Human Nutrition, Institute of Public Health, University of Gondar , Gondar , Ethiopia.Department of Human Nutrition, Institute of Public Health, University of Gondar , Gondar , Ethiopia.Department of Epidemiology and Biostatics, Institute of Public Health, University of Gondar , Gondar , Ethiopia.Department of Reproductive Health, Institute of Public Health, University of Gondar , Gondar , Ethiopia.Department of Epidemiology and Biostatics, Institute of Public Health, University of Gondar , Gondar , Ethiopia.Department of Epidemiology and Biostatics, Institute of Public Health, University of Gondar , Gondar , Ethiopia.Department of Human Nutrition, Institute of Public Health, University of Gondar , Gondar , Ethiopia.

Pub Type(s)

Journal Article

Language

eng

PubMed ID

31271301

Citation

Tariku, Amare, et al. "Stunting and Its Determinants Among Adolescent Girls: Findings From the Nutrition Surveillance Project, Northwest Ethiopia." Ecology of Food and Nutrition, vol. 58, no. 5, 2019, pp. 481-494.
Tariku A, Belew AK, Gonete KA, et al. Stunting and Its Determinants among Adolescent Girls: Findings from the Nutrition Surveillance Project, Northwest Ethiopia. Ecol Food Nutr. 2019;58(5):481-494.
Tariku, A., Belew, A. K., Gonete, K. A., Hunegnaw, M. T., Muhammad, E. A., Demissie, G. D., Biks, G. A., Awoke, T., Gelaye, K. A., Zeleke, E. G., Abebe, Z., Gete, A. A., Yesuf, M. E., Abebe, S. M., Gete, Y. K., Gelagay, A. A., Fekadu, A., Muchie, K. F., & Wassie, M. M. (2019). Stunting and Its Determinants among Adolescent Girls: Findings from the Nutrition Surveillance Project, Northwest Ethiopia. Ecology of Food and Nutrition, 58(5), 481-494. https://doi.org/10.1080/03670244.2019.1636793
Tariku A, et al. Stunting and Its Determinants Among Adolescent Girls: Findings From the Nutrition Surveillance Project, Northwest Ethiopia. Ecol Food Nutr. 2019 Sep-Oct;58(5):481-494. PubMed PMID: 31271301.
* Article titles in AMA citation format should be in sentence-case
TY - JOUR T1 - Stunting and Its Determinants among Adolescent Girls: Findings from the Nutrition Surveillance Project, Northwest Ethiopia. AU - Tariku,Amare, AU - Belew,Aysheshim Kassahun, AU - Gonete,Kedir Abdela, AU - Hunegnaw,Melkamu Tamir, AU - Muhammad,Esmael Ali, AU - Demissie,Getu Debalkie, AU - Biks,Gashaw Andargie, AU - Awoke,Tadesse, AU - Gelaye,Kassahun Alemu, AU - Zeleke,Ejigu Gebeye, AU - Abebe,Zegeye, AU - Gete,Azeb Atnafu, AU - Yesuf,Melkie Edris, AU - Abebe,Solomon Mekonnen, AU - Gete,Yigzaw Kebede, AU - Gelagay,Abebaw Addis, AU - Fekadu,Abel, AU - Muchie,Kindie Fentahun, AU - Wassie,Molla Mesele, Y1 - 2019/07/04/ PY - 2019/7/5/pubmed PY - 2020/3/7/medline PY - 2019/7/5/entrez KW - Adolescent girls KW - Dabat KW - Ethiopia KW - stunting SP - 481 EP - 494 JF - Ecology of food and nutrition JO - Ecol Food Nutr VL - 58 IS - 5 N2 - Under nutrition among adolescents is a major public health problem in Ethiopia and its causes are under investigated. Therefore, this study aimed to assess the prevalence of stunting and its determinants among adolescent girls in Dabat district. A total of 1556 adolescent girls were included in the study. The WHO's Anthro-plus software was used to generate the height for age z-scores. Variables having a p-value<0.2 in the simple logistic regression were entered into multiple logistic regression and a p-value < 0.05 were considered statistically significant. About 47.4%(95%CI; 45.0, 49.6%) of adolescent girls were stunted. Being in the early (AOR = 0.027, 95%CI: 0.08, 0.09) and middle age (AOR = 0.21, 95%CI: 0.06, 0.71) were less likely to be stunted compared with the late adolescent. The odds of stunting were found to be higher among adolescent of rural area (AOR = 1.45; 95%CI: 1.01, 2.10) and from household food in-secured (AOR = 1.33; 95%CI: 1.02, 1.73)families. Higher numbers of adolescent girls are stunted in Dabat district, suggesting severe public health importance of the problem. Age, residence and food security were associated with adolescent stunting. Thus, improving food security strategies targeting rural and food insecure households is recommended. Abbreviations: AOR= Adjusted Odd Ratio,CI= Confidence Interval, COR= Crude Odd Ratio, ENSSPI=Establishing Nutrition Surveillance System and Piloting Interventions HAZ=Height for Age, HDSS=Health and Demographic Surveillance System, HFSS=Household Food Security Status, INDEPTH=International Network of Demographic Evaluation of Population and Their Health, IQR=Inter Quartile Range, NNP=National Nutrition Program, NSHFP=National School Health and Feeding Program, SPSS=Statically Package for Social Science, WHO= World Health Organization. SN - 1543-5237 UR - https://www.unboundmedicine.com/medline/citation/31271301/Stunting_and_Its_Determinants_among_Adolescent_Girls:_Findings_from_the_Nutrition_Surveillance_Project_Northwest_Ethiopia_ DB - PRIME DP - Unbound Medicine ER -