Feasibility of a Mobile Health Application To Monitor Recovery and Patient-reported Outcomes after Robot-assisted Radical Prostatectomy.Eur Urol Oncol 2019; 2(4):425-428EU
A mobile application (app) designed on the basis of a literature review and interviews with urologic oncologists was created to help streamline robot-assisted radical prostatectomy care and in compliance with quality indicators. Use of the app was limited to English-speaking men with iPhones; 20 of 43 men approached (47%) agreed to participate. Lack of an iPhone was the most common reason for non-enrollment (52%). Preoperatively, men received daily push notifications to perform Kegel exercises and 19 men (95%) completed an Expanded Prostate Cancer Index Composite for Clinical Practice (EPIC-CP) questionnaire using the app. After hospital discharge, men completed a postoperative pain questionnaire and received push notifications to ambulate and increase their fluid intake. After catheter removal, daily notifications to perform Kegel exercises and complete weekly EPIC-CP surveys were pushed to monitor recovery of functional outcomes. EPIC-CP and postoperative pain assessment response rates were 75% and 90%, respectively. 85% of the men complied with notifications to ambulate, hydrate, and perform Kegel exercises. The 15 men (75%) who completed the satisfaction survey found the app easy to use and understand, which suggests that mobile apps can be easily implemented perioperatively. Mobile apps have the potential to improve compliance with perioperative instructions and allow more frequent capture of patient-reported outcomes with minimal resource utilization. Patient summary: We examined the use of a mobile application designed to capture patient-reported outcomes and guide postoperative care after major urologic surgery. Mobile apps can be implemented with relative ease and high patient satisfaction.