Spatio-temporal control on the delivery of triamcinolone acetonide using polymeric nanoparticles reduces steroid induced cataract.Int J Pharm. 2019 Sep 10; 568:118474.IJ
Development of topically administered drug delivery systems for the treatment of ocular diseases have majorly focused on enhancing bioavailability of drugs in the ocular tissues. However, control of spatial distribution of topically administered drugs so as to restrict/avoid drug bioavailability at sensitive ocular tissues that are prone to drug induced adverse effects has not been explored. In this study, we aimed to reduce the bioavailability of topically administered corticosteroid, triamcinolone acetonide (TA) in lens via controlled spatial distribution in order to minimize TA induced posterior subcapsular cataract (PSC). For this, a negatively charged polymeric core-shell nanoparticulate drug delivery system composed of polycaprolactone (PCL) core and pluronic® F-68 (PF68) shell was fabricated. For in vivo studies, coumarin-6 (COU) loaded nanoparticles (NPs) were fabricated and studied for their biodistribution after topical administration in mice eyes and compared with free COU biodistribution. The administered COU loaded NPs differentially distributed in mice eyes and showed lower bioavailability in lens compared to free COU. Further, in vivo efficacy of the delivery system for its ability to minimize the rate of PSC progression was evaluated in diabetic rats. The results demonstrated that TA loaded PCL-PF68 NPs decreased PSC progression compared to free TA when administered topically.