Effect of residue substitution via site-directed mutagenesis on activity and steroselectivity of transaminase BpTA from Bacillus pumilus W3 for sitafloxacin hydrate intermediate.Int J Biol Macromol 2019; 137:732-740IJ
Aminotransferases are widely employed as biocatalysts for the asymmetric synthesis of biologically active pharmaceuticals. Transaminase BpTA from Bacillus pumilus W3 can accept a broad spectrum of sterically demanding substrates, but it does not process the key five-membered ring intermediate of sitafloxacin. In the present study, we rationally constructed numerous single-point mutants and six multi-point mutants by combining the structural characteristics of transaminase and its substrates. Biochemical characteristics of wild-type and mutant enzymes were initially analyzed, and mutants I215M, I215F, and Y32L displayed increased catalytic efficiency, K155A, I215V and T252A completely lost enzyme activity. Residues K155 and T252 had a particularly strong influence on catalytic activity. Four multi-point mutants (L212M/I215M, Y32L/S190A/L212M/I215M, Y32L/Y159F/T252A and Y32W/Y159F/I215M/T252A) possess potential for industrial production of the key five-membered ring intermediate of sitafloxacin. Furthermore, mutants Y32L/Y159F/T252A and Y32W/Y159F/I215M/T252A can catalyze conversion of (R)-α-phenethylamine, albeit at an extremely low rate (<8%). In summary, mutants L212M/I215M and Y32L/S190A/L212M/I215M are more suitable for industrial production of the antibiotic, sitafloxacin, via an enzymatic approach.