Association of Magnet Nursing Status With Hospital Performance on Nationwide Quality Metrics.J Healthc Qual 2019 Jul/Aug; 41(4):189-194JH
Magnet Recognition is the highest distinction a healthcare organization can receive for excellence in nursing. Although Magnet status is generally associated with superior clinical outcomes and patient satisfaction, its association with performance on nationwide quality metrics is currently unknown.
Within a propensity score-matched cohort, we compared performance on the Hospital-Acquired Condition Reduction Program (HACRP), Hospital Value-Based Purchasing (VBP), and Hospital Readmissions Reduction Program (RRP) initiatives.
The mean HACRP total performance score was inferior at Magnet versus non-Magnet hospitals (p < .001), and HACRP penalties were more likely to be levied against Magnet hospitals (p = .003). There was no significant difference according to Magnet status for VBP penalties after correcting for multiple comparisons (p = .049). There were no significant difference in RRP penalties according to Magnet status (p = .999).
Magnet hospitals performed worse on a number of hospitalwide quality metrics tied to reimbursement by the Centers for Medicare and Medicaid Service. Although Magnet hospitals are known for superior nursing care and organizational support for safety and quality improvement, this is not captured within these composite measures of quality, which can be influenced at many levels of care. These data underscore the need for comprehensive quality improvement across multiple domains of care outside of nursing.
LEVEL OF EVIDENCE
Level III, retrospective study.