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Facial Trauma: A Retrospective Study of 1262 Patients.
Ann Maxillofac Surg 2019 Jan-Jun; 9(1):135-139AM

Abstract

Introduction

Traumatic injuries are the leading cause of death among <40 year olds, a good part of the working age population. Traumatic injuries are also the leading cause of lost productivity, causing more lost working days than cancer or vascular cardiomyopathy.

Materials and Methods

We retrospectively and statistically analyzed the characteristics of facial fractures treated between June 2010 and December 2016 at the Maxillofacial Adult Surgery Unit, Spedali Civili Brescia, Italy.

Discussion

Facial fractures are common in polytrauma patients, due to exposure of the cephalic end. The incidence of concomitant facial injuries with major trauma is 15%-24% in England (between Liverpool and London) and up to 34% in Washington, based on a large database of 87,174 patients. High-energy trauma frequently involving multiple traumatic injuries often leads to complex facial fractures, affecting different portions of the splanchnocranium.

Conclusions

Treatment of facial fractures often focuses on functional or esthetic outcomes, and the outcomes are often substantially worse than those of other trauma treatments. Given the esthetic value of the face, facial trauma often leads to heightened emotional distress.

Authors+Show Affiliations

Maxillo-Facial Surgery Unit, Asst Spedali Civili Brescia, Brescia, Italy.Maxillo-Facial Surgery Unit, Asst Spedali Civili Brescia, Brescia, Italy.

Pub Type(s)

Journal Article

Language

eng

PubMed ID

31293942

Citation

Bocchialini, Gabriele, and Andrea Castellani. "Facial Trauma: a Retrospective Study of 1262 Patients." Annals of Maxillofacial Surgery, vol. 9, no. 1, 2019, pp. 135-139.
Bocchialini G, Castellani A. Facial Trauma: A Retrospective Study of 1262 Patients. Ann Maxillofac Surg. 2019;9(1):135-139.
Bocchialini, G., & Castellani, A. (2019). Facial Trauma: A Retrospective Study of 1262 Patients. Annals of Maxillofacial Surgery, 9(1), pp. 135-139. doi:10.4103/ams.ams_51_19.
Bocchialini G, Castellani A. Facial Trauma: a Retrospective Study of 1262 Patients. Ann Maxillofac Surg. 2019;9(1):135-139. PubMed PMID: 31293942.
* Article titles in AMA citation format should be in sentence-case
TY - JOUR T1 - Facial Trauma: A Retrospective Study of 1262 Patients. AU - Bocchialini,Gabriele, AU - Castellani,Andrea, PY - 2019/7/12/entrez PY - 2019/7/12/pubmed PY - 2019/7/12/medline KW - Facial KW - fracture KW - mandible KW - maxilla KW - zygoma SP - 135 EP - 139 JF - Annals of maxillofacial surgery JO - Ann Maxillofac Surg VL - 9 IS - 1 N2 - Introduction: Traumatic injuries are the leading cause of death among <40 year olds, a good part of the working age population. Traumatic injuries are also the leading cause of lost productivity, causing more lost working days than cancer or vascular cardiomyopathy. Materials and Methods: We retrospectively and statistically analyzed the characteristics of facial fractures treated between June 2010 and December 2016 at the Maxillofacial Adult Surgery Unit, Spedali Civili Brescia, Italy. Discussion: Facial fractures are common in polytrauma patients, due to exposure of the cephalic end. The incidence of concomitant facial injuries with major trauma is 15%-24% in England (between Liverpool and London) and up to 34% in Washington, based on a large database of 87,174 patients. High-energy trauma frequently involving multiple traumatic injuries often leads to complex facial fractures, affecting different portions of the splanchnocranium. Conclusions: Treatment of facial fractures often focuses on functional or esthetic outcomes, and the outcomes are often substantially worse than those of other trauma treatments. Given the esthetic value of the face, facial trauma often leads to heightened emotional distress. SN - 2231-0746 UR - https://www.unboundmedicine.com/medline/citation/31293942/Facial_Trauma:_A_Retrospective_Study_of_1262_Patients L2 - http://www.amsjournal.com/article.asp?issn=2231-0746;year=2019;volume=9;issue=1;spage=135;epage=139;aulast=Bocchialini DB - PRIME DP - Unbound Medicine ER -