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Paragonimus and paragonimiasis in Asia: An update.
Acta Trop 2019; 199:105074AT

Abstract

Paragonimiasis, or lung fluke disease, is a typical food-borne parasitic zoonosis caused by infection with trematodes belonging to the genus Paragonimus. More than 50 species of Paragonimus have been reported throughout the world, of which seven valid species infect humans, an estimated one million people annually worldwide. Among the seven species, P. westermani, P. heterotremus, and P. skrjabini/P. s. miyazakii, distributed in Asia, are the most important species as the cause of paragonimiasis. Humans acquire infection through the ingestion of raw, pickled or undercooked freshwater crustaceans, 2nd intermediate hosts, or consuming raw meat of wild boar or deer, paratenic hosts. Infections often occur clustered in foci where dietary habits allow transmission of the parasites. Paragonimiasis typically causes a subacute to chronic inflammatory disease of the lungs. The symptoms, including chronic cough, chest pain, dyspnea and hemoptysis, mimic those of tuberculosis and lung cancer. Serologic tests are commonly used for the diagnosis of paragonimiasis, and Praziquantel is the treatment of choice. In this review, the current status of Paragonimus and paragonimiasis in Asia is outlined based on the latest information and findings. We also summarize current trends of paragonimiasis in Japan, which is one of the most endemic area of paragonimiasis in the world, for the better understanding and control of paragonimiasis.

Authors+Show Affiliations

Laboratory of Veterinary Parasitic Diseases, Department of Veterinary Sciences, Faculty of Agriculture, University of Miyazaki, Miyazaki, Japan; Center for Animal Disease Control, University of Miyazaki, Miyazaki, Japan. Electronic address: kukuri@med.miyazaki-u.ac.jp.Institute of Ecology and Biological Resources, Vietnam Academy of Science and Technology (VAST), Hanoi, Viet Nam; Graduate University of Science and Technology, VAST, Hanoi, Viet Nam.Center for Animal Disease Control, University of Miyazaki, Miyazaki, Japan; Division of Parasitology, Department of Infectious Diseases, Faculty of Medicine, University of Miyazaki, Miyazaki, Japan.

Pub Type(s)

Journal Article
Review

Language

eng

PubMed ID

31295431

Citation

Yoshida, Ayako, et al. "Paragonimus and Paragonimiasis in Asia: an Update." Acta Tropica, vol. 199, 2019, p. 105074.
Yoshida A, Doanh PN, Maruyama H. Paragonimus and paragonimiasis in Asia: An update. Acta Trop. 2019;199:105074.
Yoshida, A., Doanh, P. N., & Maruyama, H. (2019). Paragonimus and paragonimiasis in Asia: An update. Acta Tropica, 199, p. 105074. doi:10.1016/j.actatropica.2019.105074.
Yoshida A, Doanh PN, Maruyama H. Paragonimus and Paragonimiasis in Asia: an Update. Acta Trop. 2019;199:105074. PubMed PMID: 31295431.
* Article titles in AMA citation format should be in sentence-case
TY - JOUR T1 - Paragonimus and paragonimiasis in Asia: An update. AU - Yoshida,Ayako, AU - Doanh,Pham Ngoc, AU - Maruyama,Haruhiko, Y1 - 2019/07/08/ PY - 2019/02/27/received PY - 2019/05/28/revised PY - 2019/07/05/accepted PY - 2019/7/12/pubmed PY - 2019/7/12/medline PY - 2019/7/12/entrez KW - Asia KW - Food-borne zoonosis KW - Lung fluke KW - Paragonimiasis KW - Paragonimus SP - 105074 EP - 105074 JF - Acta tropica JO - Acta Trop. VL - 199 N2 - Paragonimiasis, or lung fluke disease, is a typical food-borne parasitic zoonosis caused by infection with trematodes belonging to the genus Paragonimus. More than 50 species of Paragonimus have been reported throughout the world, of which seven valid species infect humans, an estimated one million people annually worldwide. Among the seven species, P. westermani, P. heterotremus, and P. skrjabini/P. s. miyazakii, distributed in Asia, are the most important species as the cause of paragonimiasis. Humans acquire infection through the ingestion of raw, pickled or undercooked freshwater crustaceans, 2nd intermediate hosts, or consuming raw meat of wild boar or deer, paratenic hosts. Infections often occur clustered in foci where dietary habits allow transmission of the parasites. Paragonimiasis typically causes a subacute to chronic inflammatory disease of the lungs. The symptoms, including chronic cough, chest pain, dyspnea and hemoptysis, mimic those of tuberculosis and lung cancer. Serologic tests are commonly used for the diagnosis of paragonimiasis, and Praziquantel is the treatment of choice. In this review, the current status of Paragonimus and paragonimiasis in Asia is outlined based on the latest information and findings. We also summarize current trends of paragonimiasis in Japan, which is one of the most endemic area of paragonimiasis in the world, for the better understanding and control of paragonimiasis. SN - 1873-6254 UR - https://www.unboundmedicine.com/medline/citation/31295431/Paragonimus_and_paragonimiasis_in_Asia:_An_update L2 - https://linkinghub.elsevier.com/retrieve/pii/S0001-706X(19)30266-9 DB - PRIME DP - Unbound Medicine ER -