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Epidemiology of Trematode Infections: An Update.
Adv Exp Med Biol 2019; 1154:359-409AE

Abstract

Digenetic trematodes infecting humans are more than 91 species which belong to 46 genera all over the world. According to their habitat in definitive hosts, they are classified as blood flukes (Schistosoma japonicum. S. mekongi, S. mansoni, S. haematobium, and S. intercalatum), liver flukes (Clonorchis sinensis, Opisthorchis viverrini, O. felineus, Metorchis conjunctus, M. bilis, M. orientalis, Fasciola hepatica, F. gigantica, Dicrocoelium dendriticum, and D. hospes), lung flukes (Paragonimus westermani, P. heterotremus, P. skrjabini, P. miyazakii, P. kellicoti, P. mexicanus, P. africanus, and P. uterobilateralis), throat fluke (Clinostomum complanatum), pancreatic fluke (Eurytrema pancreaticum), and intestinal flukes (Metagonimus yokogawai, M. miyatai, M. takahashii, Heterophyes nocens, H. heterophyes, Haplorchis taichui, H. pumilio, H. yokogawai, Centrocestus formosanus, Echinostoma revolutum, E. ilocanum, Isthmiophora hortensis, Echinochasmus japonicus, E. lilliputanus, Artyfechinostomum malayanum, A. sufrartyfex, A. oraoni, Fasciolopsis buski, Gymnophalloides seoi, Neodiplostomum seoulense, Caprimolgorchis molenkampi, Phaneropsolus bonnei, and Plagiorchis muris). The mode of transmission to humans includes contact with cercariae contaminated in water (schistosomes) and ingestion of raw or improperly cooked fish (liver and throat flukes, heterophyids, and echinostomes), snails (echinostomes and gymnophallids), amphibia, reptiles (neodiplostomes), aquatic vegetables (amphistomes), or insect larvae or adults (plagiorchiids, lecithodendriids, and pancreatic fluke). Praziquantel has been proved to be highly effective against most species of trematode infections except fascioliasis. Epidemiological surveys and detection of human infections are required for better understanding of the geographical distribution and endemicity of each trematode species.

Authors+Show Affiliations

Institute of Parasitic Diseases, Korea Association of Health Promotion, Seoul, Republic of Korea. cjy@snu.ac.kr. Seoul National University College of Medicine, Seoul, Republic of Korea. cjy@snu.ac.kr.Institute of Parasitic Diseases, Korea Association of Health Promotion, Seoul, Republic of Korea.

Pub Type(s)

Journal Article

Language

eng

PubMed ID

31297768

Citation

Chai, Jong-Yil, and Bong-Kwang Jung. "Epidemiology of Trematode Infections: an Update." Advances in Experimental Medicine and Biology, vol. 1154, 2019, pp. 359-409.
Chai JY, Jung BK. Epidemiology of Trematode Infections: An Update. Adv Exp Med Biol. 2019;1154:359-409.
Chai, J. Y., & Jung, B. K. (2019). Epidemiology of Trematode Infections: An Update. Advances in Experimental Medicine and Biology, 1154, pp. 359-409. doi:10.1007/978-3-030-18616-6_12.
Chai JY, Jung BK. Epidemiology of Trematode Infections: an Update. Adv Exp Med Biol. 2019;1154:359-409. PubMed PMID: 31297768.
* Article titles in AMA citation format should be in sentence-case
TY - JOUR T1 - Epidemiology of Trematode Infections: An Update. AU - Chai,Jong-Yil, AU - Jung,Bong-Kwang, PY - 2019/7/13/entrez PY - 2019/7/13/pubmed PY - 2019/9/5/medline KW - Echinostome KW - Epidemiology KW - Heterophyid KW - Intestinal fluke KW - Liver fluke KW - Lung fluke KW - Pancreatic fluke KW - Schistosome KW - Throat fluke KW - Trematode SP - 359 EP - 409 JF - Advances in experimental medicine and biology JO - Adv. Exp. Med. Biol. VL - 1154 N2 - Digenetic trematodes infecting humans are more than 91 species which belong to 46 genera all over the world. According to their habitat in definitive hosts, they are classified as blood flukes (Schistosoma japonicum. S. mekongi, S. mansoni, S. haematobium, and S. intercalatum), liver flukes (Clonorchis sinensis, Opisthorchis viverrini, O. felineus, Metorchis conjunctus, M. bilis, M. orientalis, Fasciola hepatica, F. gigantica, Dicrocoelium dendriticum, and D. hospes), lung flukes (Paragonimus westermani, P. heterotremus, P. skrjabini, P. miyazakii, P. kellicoti, P. mexicanus, P. africanus, and P. uterobilateralis), throat fluke (Clinostomum complanatum), pancreatic fluke (Eurytrema pancreaticum), and intestinal flukes (Metagonimus yokogawai, M. miyatai, M. takahashii, Heterophyes nocens, H. heterophyes, Haplorchis taichui, H. pumilio, H. yokogawai, Centrocestus formosanus, Echinostoma revolutum, E. ilocanum, Isthmiophora hortensis, Echinochasmus japonicus, E. lilliputanus, Artyfechinostomum malayanum, A. sufrartyfex, A. oraoni, Fasciolopsis buski, Gymnophalloides seoi, Neodiplostomum seoulense, Caprimolgorchis molenkampi, Phaneropsolus bonnei, and Plagiorchis muris). The mode of transmission to humans includes contact with cercariae contaminated in water (schistosomes) and ingestion of raw or improperly cooked fish (liver and throat flukes, heterophyids, and echinostomes), snails (echinostomes and gymnophallids), amphibia, reptiles (neodiplostomes), aquatic vegetables (amphistomes), or insect larvae or adults (plagiorchiids, lecithodendriids, and pancreatic fluke). Praziquantel has been proved to be highly effective against most species of trematode infections except fascioliasis. Epidemiological surveys and detection of human infections are required for better understanding of the geographical distribution and endemicity of each trematode species. SN - 0065-2598 UR - https://www.unboundmedicine.com/medline/citation/31297768/Epidemiology_of_Trematode_Infections:_An_Update L2 - https://dx.doi.org/10.1007/978-3-030-18616-6_12 DB - PRIME DP - Unbound Medicine ER -