Adipose-Derived Stem/Stromal Cells Recapitulate Aging Biomarkers and Show Reduced Stem Cell Plasticity Affecting Their Adipogenic Differentiation Capacity.Cell Reprogram 2019; 21(4):187-199CR
Stromal mesenchymal stem cells (MSCs) have the capability to self-renew and can differentiate into multiple cell types of the mesoderm germ layer, but their properties are affected by molecular aging mechanisms. MSCs can be obtained from adipose tissue termed as adipose-derived stem/stromal cells (ASCs) representing a promising tool for studying age-related diseases in detail. ASCs from young (16 weeks) and old (>108 weeks) rabbits were successfully isolated and propagated. ASCs showed the typical morphology and stained positive for CD105, Vimentin, Collagenase 1A, and negative for CD14, CD90, and CD73, demonstrating their mesenchymal origin. ASCs expressed MSC markers, including MYC, KLF4, CHD1, REST, and KAT6A, whereas pluripotency-related genes, such as NANOG, OCT4, and SOX2, were not expressed. Aged ASCs showed altered protein and mRNA levels of APOE, ATG7, FGF2, PTEN, and SIRT1. Adipogenic differentiation of old visceral ASCs was significantly decreased compared with young visceral ASCs. We successfully established rabbit ASC cultures representing an in vitro model for the analysis of stem cell aging mechanisms. ASCs, obtained from old female rabbits, showed age- and source-specific alteration due to aging of the donor. Stem cell plasticity was altered with age as shown by reduced adipogenic differentiation capacity.