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Acute Care Utilization and Place of Death among Patients Discharged from an Inpatient Palliative Care Unit.

Abstract

Background:

Discharging patients from inpatient palliative care units to the community is aligned with patients' desires to be cared for and die at home. However, there is little research examining patient outcomes after discharge.

Objective:

To describe the outcomes of patients discharged from an inpatient palliative care unit.

Design:

A single-institution retrospective cohort study using medical record data linked to regional acute care hospital and home care data. Setting/

Participants:

Patients (n = 75) discharged to the community over a one-year period from a 31-bed inpatient palliative care unit in an academic continuing care facility. Measurements: Survival, postdischarge hospitalizations and emergency department visits, and place of death.

Results:

Patients discharged to the community had poor prognosis. Over one-third had a discharge Palliative Performance Score <50. The median survival after discharge was 96 days, and 36% of decedent patients died in an acute care hospital. Thirteen percent of patients were hospitalized, and 23% visited an emergency department within 30 days of discharge, often for reasons that could have been managed in the community. Certain groups of patients were at greater risk of acute care use and in-hospital deaths, including younger patients, patients with nonmalignant diseases, and patients discharged home or retirement home, compared to long-term care settings.

Conclusions:

Patients discharged from an inpatient palliative care setting are at risk of postdischarge hospitalizations, emergency department visits, and in-hospital deaths, despite having community supports in place. Variations in outcomes can point to groups of patients who may require greater intensity of supports postdischarge.

Authors+Show Affiliations

1 Ottawa Hospital Research Institute, Ottawa, Ontario, Canada. 2 Bruyère Research Institute, Ottawa, Ontario, Canada.1 Ottawa Hospital Research Institute, Ottawa, Ontario, Canada. 2 Bruyère Research Institute, Ottawa, Ontario, Canada. 3 School of Epidemiology and Public Health, University of Ottawa, Ottawa, Ontario, Canada.1 Ottawa Hospital Research Institute, Ottawa, Ontario, Canada. 2 Bruyère Research Institute, Ottawa, Ontario, Canada. 4 Department of Medicine, University of Ottawa, Ottawa, Ontario, Canada.1 Ottawa Hospital Research Institute, Ottawa, Ontario, Canada. 4 Department of Medicine, University of Ottawa, Ottawa, Ontario, Canada.4 Department of Medicine, University of Ottawa, Ottawa, Ontario, Canada.

Pub Type(s)

Journal Article

Language

eng

PubMed ID

31305204

Citation

Webber, Colleen, et al. "Acute Care Utilization and Place of Death Among Patients Discharged From an Inpatient Palliative Care Unit." Journal of Palliative Medicine, 2019.
Webber C, Hsu AT, Tanuseputro P, et al. Acute Care Utilization and Place of Death among Patients Discharged from an Inpatient Palliative Care Unit. J Palliat Med. 2019.
Webber, C., Hsu, A. T., Tanuseputro, P., Fitzgibbon, E., & Li, C. (2019). Acute Care Utilization and Place of Death among Patients Discharged from an Inpatient Palliative Care Unit. Journal of Palliative Medicine, doi:10.1089/jpm.2019.0162.
Webber C, et al. Acute Care Utilization and Place of Death Among Patients Discharged From an Inpatient Palliative Care Unit. J Palliat Med. 2019 Jul 15; PubMed PMID: 31305204.
* Article titles in AMA citation format should be in sentence-case
TY - JOUR T1 - Acute Care Utilization and Place of Death among Patients Discharged from an Inpatient Palliative Care Unit. AU - Webber,Colleen, AU - Hsu,Amy T, AU - Tanuseputro,Peter, AU - Fitzgibbon,Edward, AU - Li,Cecilia, Y1 - 2019/07/15/ PY - 2019/7/16/entrez KW - cohort studies KW - end-of-life care KW - home care services KW - hospitalization KW - palliative care KW - patient discharge KW - survival JF - Journal of palliative medicine JO - J Palliat Med N2 - Background: Discharging patients from inpatient palliative care units to the community is aligned with patients' desires to be cared for and die at home. However, there is little research examining patient outcomes after discharge. Objective: To describe the outcomes of patients discharged from an inpatient palliative care unit. Design: A single-institution retrospective cohort study using medical record data linked to regional acute care hospital and home care data. Setting/Participants: Patients (n = 75) discharged to the community over a one-year period from a 31-bed inpatient palliative care unit in an academic continuing care facility. Measurements: Survival, postdischarge hospitalizations and emergency department visits, and place of death. Results: Patients discharged to the community had poor prognosis. Over one-third had a discharge Palliative Performance Score <50. The median survival after discharge was 96 days, and 36% of decedent patients died in an acute care hospital. Thirteen percent of patients were hospitalized, and 23% visited an emergency department within 30 days of discharge, often for reasons that could have been managed in the community. Certain groups of patients were at greater risk of acute care use and in-hospital deaths, including younger patients, patients with nonmalignant diseases, and patients discharged home or retirement home, compared to long-term care settings. Conclusions: Patients discharged from an inpatient palliative care setting are at risk of postdischarge hospitalizations, emergency department visits, and in-hospital deaths, despite having community supports in place. Variations in outcomes can point to groups of patients who may require greater intensity of supports postdischarge. SN - 1557-7740 UR - https://www.unboundmedicine.com/medline/citation/31305204/Acute_Care_Utilization_and_Place_of_Death_among_Patients_Discharged_from_an_Inpatient_Palliative_Care_Unit L2 - https://www.liebertpub.com/doi/full/10.1089/jpm.2019.0162?url_ver=Z39.88-2003&amp;rfr_id=ori:rid:crossref.org&amp;rfr_dat=cr_pub=pubmed DB - PRIME DP - Unbound Medicine ER -