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Exploration of Occupational Deprivation Among Syrian Refugees Displaced in Jordan.
Am J Occup Ther 2019 Jul/Aug; 73(4):7304205030p1-7304205030p9AJ

Abstract

IMPORTANCE

Research is needed to situate occupational deprivation (OD) within each unique refugee population and displacement context.

OBJECTIVE

To explore the way refugees manage their day-to-day lives within the limits of displacement contexts in Jordan.

DESIGN

A grounded theorizing approach was used. Sampling methods used were convenience sampling, purposive sampling, snowball sampling, and theoretical sampling. Data were collected through semistructured interviews.

SETTING

Inside and outside the Zaatari refugee camp in Jordan.

PARTICIPANTS

Forty-nine adult Syrian refugees (19 women, 30 men; mean age = 34.6 yr) who fled to Jordan after the war in Syria began in 2011. Twenty-four lived outside the refugee camps, and 25 lived inside Zaatari camp. Written consent was required before participation.

OUTCOMES AND MEASURES

Participants' unique experiences were targeted to generate a theory to facilitate understanding of the effects of displacement on participation in meaningful occupations. A topic guide was designed, and the questions included served as pointers for the interviewers.

RESULTS

Syrian refugees experienced OD, which had negative effects on their health, well-being, and sense of humanity.

CONCLUSIONS AND RELEVANCE

Further research studies are required to investigate the influence of sociocultural differences on the meaning and consequences of OD. Contextual factors and living difficulties associated with OD need to be further explored.

WHAT THIS ARTICLE ADDS

OD is a concept with sociocultural connotations. The meaning of OD needs to be conceptualized for each unique refugee population and displacement context. Displacement contexts need to provide a repertoire of socioculturally meaningful occupations to counteract OD. Occupational therapy needs to assume a leading role in the design and delivery of programs directed to fulfill refugees' occupational needs.

Authors+Show Affiliations

Wesam B. Darawsheh, PhD, MSc, BSc, is Associate Professor, Department of Occupational Therapy, School of Rehabilitation Sciences, The University of Jordan, Amman, Jordan; w.darawsheh@ju.edu.jo.

Pub Type(s)

Journal Article

Language

eng

PubMed ID

31318667

Citation

Darawsheh, Wesam B.. "Exploration of Occupational Deprivation Among Syrian Refugees Displaced in Jordan." The American Journal of Occupational Therapy : Official Publication of the American Occupational Therapy Association, vol. 73, no. 4, 2019, pp. 7304205030p1-7304205030p9.
Darawsheh WB. Exploration of Occupational Deprivation Among Syrian Refugees Displaced in Jordan. Am J Occup Ther. 2019;73(4):7304205030p1-7304205030p9.
Darawsheh, W. B. (2019). Exploration of Occupational Deprivation Among Syrian Refugees Displaced in Jordan. The American Journal of Occupational Therapy : Official Publication of the American Occupational Therapy Association, 73(4), pp. 7304205030p1-7304205030p9. doi:10.5014/ajot.2019.030460.
Darawsheh WB. Exploration of Occupational Deprivation Among Syrian Refugees Displaced in Jordan. Am J Occup Ther. 2019;73(4):7304205030p1-7304205030p9. PubMed PMID: 31318667.
* Article titles in AMA citation format should be in sentence-case
TY - JOUR T1 - Exploration of Occupational Deprivation Among Syrian Refugees Displaced in Jordan. A1 - Darawsheh,Wesam B, PY - 2019/7/19/entrez PY - 2019/7/19/pubmed PY - 2019/7/31/medline SP - 7304205030p1 EP - 7304205030p9 JF - The American journal of occupational therapy : official publication of the American Occupational Therapy Association JO - Am J Occup Ther VL - 73 IS - 4 N2 - IMPORTANCE: Research is needed to situate occupational deprivation (OD) within each unique refugee population and displacement context. OBJECTIVE: To explore the way refugees manage their day-to-day lives within the limits of displacement contexts in Jordan. DESIGN: A grounded theorizing approach was used. Sampling methods used were convenience sampling, purposive sampling, snowball sampling, and theoretical sampling. Data were collected through semistructured interviews. SETTING: Inside and outside the Zaatari refugee camp in Jordan. PARTICIPANTS: Forty-nine adult Syrian refugees (19 women, 30 men; mean age = 34.6 yr) who fled to Jordan after the war in Syria began in 2011. Twenty-four lived outside the refugee camps, and 25 lived inside Zaatari camp. Written consent was required before participation. OUTCOMES AND MEASURES: Participants' unique experiences were targeted to generate a theory to facilitate understanding of the effects of displacement on participation in meaningful occupations. A topic guide was designed, and the questions included served as pointers for the interviewers. RESULTS: Syrian refugees experienced OD, which had negative effects on their health, well-being, and sense of humanity. CONCLUSIONS AND RELEVANCE: Further research studies are required to investigate the influence of sociocultural differences on the meaning and consequences of OD. Contextual factors and living difficulties associated with OD need to be further explored. WHAT THIS ARTICLE ADDS: OD is a concept with sociocultural connotations. The meaning of OD needs to be conceptualized for each unique refugee population and displacement context. Displacement contexts need to provide a repertoire of socioculturally meaningful occupations to counteract OD. Occupational therapy needs to assume a leading role in the design and delivery of programs directed to fulfill refugees' occupational needs. SN - 0272-9490 UR - https://www.unboundmedicine.com/medline/citation/31318667/Exploration_of_Occupational_Deprivation_Among_Syrian_Refugees_Displaced_in_Jordan L2 - http://ajot.aota.org/article.aspx?doi=10.5014/ajot.2019.030460 DB - PRIME DP - Unbound Medicine ER -