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Does mindfulness change the mind? A novel psychonectome perspective based on Network Analysis.
PLoS One 2019; 14(7):e0219793Plos

Abstract

If the brain is a complex network of functionally specialized areas, it might be expected that mental representations could also behave in a similar way. We propose the concept of 'psychonectome' to formalize the idea of psychological constructs forming a dynamic network of mutually dependent elements. As a proof-of-concept of the psychonectome, networks analysis (NA) was used to explore structural changes in the network of constructs resulting from a psychological intervention. NA was applied to explore the effects of an 8-week Mindfulness-Based Stress Reduction (MBSR) program in healthy participants (N = 182). Psychological functioning was measured by questionnaires assessing five key domains related to MBSR: mindfulness, compassion, psychological well-being, psychological distress and emotional-cognitive control. A total of 25 variables, covering the five constructs, were considered as nodes in the NA. Participants significantly improved in most of the psychological questionnaires. More interesting from a network perspective, there were also significant changes in the topological relationships among the elements. Expected influence and strength centrality indexes revealed that mindfulness and well-being measures were the most central nodes in the networks. The nodes with highest topological change after the MBSR were attentional control, compassion measures, depression and thought suppression. Also, cognitive appraisal, an adaptive emotion regulation strategy, was associated to rumination before the MBSR program but became related to mindfulness and well-being measures after the program. Community analysis revealed a strong topological association between mindfulness, compassion, and emotional regulation, which supports the key role of compassion in mindfulness training. These results highlight the importance of exploring psychological changes from a network perspective and support the conceptual advantage of considering the interconnectedness of psychological constructs in terms of a 'psychonectome' as it may reveal ways of functioning that cannot be analyzed through conventional analytic methods.

Authors+Show Affiliations

Clinical Psychology Department, School of Psychology, Complutense University of Madrid, Madrid, Spain.Nirakara Institute and Niraka Chair (Complutense University), Madrid, Spain.Nirakara Institute and Niraka Chair (Complutense University), Madrid, Spain.Clinical Psychology Department, School of Psychology, Complutense University of Madrid, Madrid, Spain.

Pub Type(s)

Journal Article

Language

eng

PubMed ID

31318929

Citation

Roca, Pablo, et al. "Does Mindfulness Change the Mind? a Novel Psychonectome Perspective Based On Network Analysis." PloS One, vol. 14, no. 7, 2019, pp. e0219793.
Roca P, Diez GG, Castellanos N, et al. Does mindfulness change the mind? A novel psychonectome perspective based on Network Analysis. PLoS ONE. 2019;14(7):e0219793.
Roca, P., Diez, G. G., Castellanos, N., & Vazquez, C. (2019). Does mindfulness change the mind? A novel psychonectome perspective based on Network Analysis. PloS One, 14(7), pp. e0219793. doi:10.1371/journal.pone.0219793.
Roca P, et al. Does Mindfulness Change the Mind? a Novel Psychonectome Perspective Based On Network Analysis. PLoS ONE. 2019;14(7):e0219793. PubMed PMID: 31318929.
* Article titles in AMA citation format should be in sentence-case
TY - JOUR T1 - Does mindfulness change the mind? A novel psychonectome perspective based on Network Analysis. AU - Roca,Pablo, AU - Diez,Gustavo G, AU - Castellanos,Nazareth, AU - Vazquez,Carmelo, Y1 - 2019/07/18/ PY - 2019/02/23/received PY - 2019/07/01/accepted PY - 2019/7/19/entrez PY - 2019/7/19/pubmed PY - 2019/7/19/medline SP - e0219793 EP - e0219793 JF - PloS one JO - PLoS ONE VL - 14 IS - 7 N2 - If the brain is a complex network of functionally specialized areas, it might be expected that mental representations could also behave in a similar way. We propose the concept of 'psychonectome' to formalize the idea of psychological constructs forming a dynamic network of mutually dependent elements. As a proof-of-concept of the psychonectome, networks analysis (NA) was used to explore structural changes in the network of constructs resulting from a psychological intervention. NA was applied to explore the effects of an 8-week Mindfulness-Based Stress Reduction (MBSR) program in healthy participants (N = 182). Psychological functioning was measured by questionnaires assessing five key domains related to MBSR: mindfulness, compassion, psychological well-being, psychological distress and emotional-cognitive control. A total of 25 variables, covering the five constructs, were considered as nodes in the NA. Participants significantly improved in most of the psychological questionnaires. More interesting from a network perspective, there were also significant changes in the topological relationships among the elements. Expected influence and strength centrality indexes revealed that mindfulness and well-being measures were the most central nodes in the networks. The nodes with highest topological change after the MBSR were attentional control, compassion measures, depression and thought suppression. Also, cognitive appraisal, an adaptive emotion regulation strategy, was associated to rumination before the MBSR program but became related to mindfulness and well-being measures after the program. Community analysis revealed a strong topological association between mindfulness, compassion, and emotional regulation, which supports the key role of compassion in mindfulness training. These results highlight the importance of exploring psychological changes from a network perspective and support the conceptual advantage of considering the interconnectedness of psychological constructs in terms of a 'psychonectome' as it may reveal ways of functioning that cannot be analyzed through conventional analytic methods. SN - 1932-6203 UR - https://www.unboundmedicine.com/medline/citation/31318929/Does_mindfulness_change_the_mind_A_novel_psychonectome_perspective_based_on_Network_Analysis L2 - http://dx.plos.org/10.1371/journal.pone.0219793 DB - PRIME DP - Unbound Medicine ER -