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The Relationship between Extrinsic and Intrinsic Religious Orientation with Perceived Stress and Cigarette Addiction among University Students.
Addict Health 2019; 11(2):73-80AH

Abstract

Background

Psychological stress is associated with unhealthy lifestyles, including smoking. Moreover, religious beliefs can play a significant role in relieving mental disorders such as anxiety and stress. Due to the frequent exposure of medical students to stressful situations, this study was conducted with the aim to investigate the relationship of internal and external religious orientation with perceived stress and nicotine dependence.

Methods

This correlational study was carried out on medical students of Kerman University of Medical Sciences, Kerman, Iran, in 2015. The sample size was determined to be 224 individuals using the Morgan table. The participants were selected using stratified random ýsampling. The data collection tools consisted of a demographic information form, the Religious Orientation Scale (ROS) (Allport and Ross), the Perceived Stress Scale (PSS-14), and the Fagerstrom Test for Nicotine Dependence (FTND). Data were analyzed using multiple regression analysis, analysis of variance (ANOVA), Pearson correlation coefficient, and t-test in SPSS software.

Findings

The findings of the study showed that internal religious orientation had a significant negative relationship with perceived stress and nicotine dependence; however, no significant relationship was observed between external religious orientation and these variables.

Conclusion

Based on the results of the study, it can be concluded that the religious beliefs of individuals have a preventive role in perceived stress and nicotine dependence.

Authors+Show Affiliations

Department of Psychiatry, School of Medicine AND Neuroscience Research Center, Institute of Neuropharmacology, Kerman University of Medical Sciences, Kerman, Iran.Department of Psychiatry, School of Medicine AND Neuroscience Research Center, Institute of Neuropharmacology, Kerman University of Medical Sciences, Kerman, Iran.Department of Psychiatry, School of Medicine AND Neuroscience Research Center, Institute of Neuropharmacology, Kerman University of Medical Sciences, Kerman, Iran.Neuroscience Research Center, Institute of Neuropharmacology, Kerman University of Medical Sciences, Kerman, Iran.School of Pharmacy AND Neuroscience Research Center, Institute of Neuropharmacology, Kerman University of Medical Sciences, Kerman, Iran.

Pub Type(s)

Journal Article

Language

eng

PubMed ID

31321004

Citation

Banazadeh, Nabi, et al. "The Relationship Between Extrinsic and Intrinsic Religious Orientation With Perceived Stress and Cigarette Addiction Among University Students." Addiction & Health, vol. 11, no. 2, 2019, pp. 73-80.
Banazadeh N, Sabahi A, Ziaadini H, et al. The Relationship between Extrinsic and Intrinsic Religious Orientation with Perceived Stress and Cigarette Addiction among University Students. Addict Health. 2019;11(2):73-80.
Banazadeh, N., Sabahi, A., Ziaadini, H., Jalali-Khalilabadi, A., & Banazadeh, M. (2019). The Relationship between Extrinsic and Intrinsic Religious Orientation with Perceived Stress and Cigarette Addiction among University Students. Addiction & Health, 11(2), pp. 73-80. doi:10.22122/ahj.v11i2.226.
Banazadeh N, et al. The Relationship Between Extrinsic and Intrinsic Religious Orientation With Perceived Stress and Cigarette Addiction Among University Students. Addict Health. 2019;11(2):73-80. PubMed PMID: 31321004.
* Article titles in AMA citation format should be in sentence-case
TY - JOUR T1 - The Relationship between Extrinsic and Intrinsic Religious Orientation with Perceived Stress and Cigarette Addiction among University Students. AU - Banazadeh,Nabi, AU - Sabahi,Abdolreza, AU - Ziaadini,Hasan, AU - Jalali-Khalilabadi,Arash, AU - Banazadeh,Mohammad, PY - 2019/7/20/entrez PY - 2019/7/20/pubmed PY - 2019/7/20/medline KW - Medical students KW - Nicotine dependence KW - Psychological stress KW - Religious beliefs SP - 73 EP - 80 JF - Addiction & health JO - Addict Health VL - 11 IS - 2 N2 - Background: Psychological stress is associated with unhealthy lifestyles, including smoking. Moreover, religious beliefs can play a significant role in relieving mental disorders such as anxiety and stress. Due to the frequent exposure of medical students to stressful situations, this study was conducted with the aim to investigate the relationship of internal and external religious orientation with perceived stress and nicotine dependence. Methods: This correlational study was carried out on medical students of Kerman University of Medical Sciences, Kerman, Iran, in 2015. The sample size was determined to be 224 individuals using the Morgan table. The participants were selected using stratified random ýsampling. The data collection tools consisted of a demographic information form, the Religious Orientation Scale (ROS) (Allport and Ross), the Perceived Stress Scale (PSS-14), and the Fagerstrom Test for Nicotine Dependence (FTND). Data were analyzed using multiple regression analysis, analysis of variance (ANOVA), Pearson correlation coefficient, and t-test in SPSS software. Findings: The findings of the study showed that internal religious orientation had a significant negative relationship with perceived stress and nicotine dependence; however, no significant relationship was observed between external religious orientation and these variables. Conclusion: Based on the results of the study, it can be concluded that the religious beliefs of individuals have a preventive role in perceived stress and nicotine dependence. SN - 2008-4633 UR - https://www.unboundmedicine.com/medline/citation/31321004/The_Relationship_between_Extrinsic_and_Intrinsic_Religious_Orientation_with_Perceived_Stress_and_Cigarette_Addiction_among_University_Students L2 - https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/pmid/31321004/ DB - PRIME DP - Unbound Medicine ER -