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The effect of sex and body weight on lung volumes during sleep.
Sleep 2019S

Abstract

STUDY OBJECTIVES

Low lung volumes are thought to contribute to obstructive sleep apnea (OSA). OSA is worse in the supine versus lateral body position, men versus women, obese versus normal-weight (NW) individuals and REM versus NREM sleep. All of these conditions may be associated with low lung volumes. The aim was to measure FRC during wake, NREM, and REM in NW and overweight (OW) men and women while in the supine and lateral body positions.

METHODS

Eighty-one healthy adults were instrumented for polysomnography, but with nasal pressure replaced with a sealed, non-vented mask connected to an N2 washout system. During wakefulness and sleep, repeated measurements of FRC were made in both supine and right lateral positions.

RESULTS

Two hundred eighty-five FRC measures were obtained during sleep in 29 NW (body mass index [BMI] = 22 ± 0.3 kg/m2) and 29 OW (BMI = 29 ± 0.7 kg/m2) individuals. During wakefulness, FRC differed between BMI groups and positions (supine: OW = 58 ± 3 and NW = 68 ± 3% predicted; lateral OW = 71 ± 3, NW = 81 ± 3% predicted). FRC fell from wake to NREM sleep in all participants and in both positions by a similar amount. As a result, during NREM sleep FRC was lower in OW than NW individuals (supine 46 ± 3 and 56 ± 3% predicted, respectively). FRC during REM was similar to NREM and no sex differences were observed in any position or sleep stage.

CONCLUSIONS

Reductions in FRC while supine and with increased body weight may contribute to worsened OSA in these conditions, but low lung volumes appear unlikely to explain the worsening of OSA in REM and in men versus women.

Authors+Show Affiliations

Melbourne School of Psychological Sciences, University of Melbourne, Melbourne, Victoria, Australia. Department of Respiratory and Sleep Medicine and Institute for Breathing and Sleep, Austin Health, Heidelberg, Victoria, Australia.Melbourne School of Psychological Sciences, University of Melbourne, Melbourne, Victoria, Australia.Department of Respiratory and Sleep Medicine and Institute for Breathing and Sleep, Austin Health, Heidelberg, Victoria, Australia.Department of Respiratory and Sleep Medicine and Institute for Breathing and Sleep, Austin Health, Heidelberg, Victoria, Australia.Department of Respiratory and Sleep Medicine and Institute for Breathing and Sleep, Austin Health, Heidelberg, Victoria, Australia. Faculty of Medicine, University of Melbourne, Parkville, Victoria, Australia.Melbourne School of Psychological Sciences, University of Melbourne, Melbourne, Victoria, Australia.Melbourne School of Psychological Sciences, University of Melbourne, Melbourne, Victoria, Australia. Department of Respiratory and Sleep Medicine and Institute for Breathing and Sleep, Austin Health, Heidelberg, Victoria, Australia.

Pub Type(s)

Journal Article

Language

eng

PubMed ID

31322697

Citation

Avraam, Joanne, et al. "The Effect of Sex and Body Weight On Lung Volumes During Sleep." Sleep, 2019.
Avraam J, Dawson A, Rochford PD, et al. The effect of sex and body weight on lung volumes during sleep. Sleep. 2019.
Avraam, J., Dawson, A., Rochford, P. D., Brazzale, D. J., O'donoghue, F. J., Trinder, J., & Jordan, A. S. (2019). The effect of sex and body weight on lung volumes during sleep. Sleep, doi:10.1093/sleep/zsz141.
Avraam J, et al. The Effect of Sex and Body Weight On Lung Volumes During Sleep. Sleep. 2019 Jul 19; PubMed PMID: 31322697.
* Article titles in AMA citation format should be in sentence-case
TY - JOUR T1 - The effect of sex and body weight on lung volumes during sleep. AU - Avraam,Joanne, AU - Dawson,Andrew, AU - Rochford,Peter D, AU - Brazzale,Danny J, AU - O'donoghue,Fergal J, AU - Trinder,John, AU - Jordan,Amy S, Y1 - 2019/07/19/ PY - 2018/12/02/received PY - 2019/05/05/revised PY - 2019/7/20/entrez KW - functional residual capacity KW - nitrogen washout KW - obesity KW - obstructive sleep apnea KW - upper airway collapse JF - Sleep JO - Sleep N2 - STUDY OBJECTIVES: Low lung volumes are thought to contribute to obstructive sleep apnea (OSA). OSA is worse in the supine versus lateral body position, men versus women, obese versus normal-weight (NW) individuals and REM versus NREM sleep. All of these conditions may be associated with low lung volumes. The aim was to measure FRC during wake, NREM, and REM in NW and overweight (OW) men and women while in the supine and lateral body positions. METHODS: Eighty-one healthy adults were instrumented for polysomnography, but with nasal pressure replaced with a sealed, non-vented mask connected to an N2 washout system. During wakefulness and sleep, repeated measurements of FRC were made in both supine and right lateral positions. RESULTS: Two hundred eighty-five FRC measures were obtained during sleep in 29 NW (body mass index [BMI] = 22 ± 0.3 kg/m2) and 29 OW (BMI = 29 ± 0.7 kg/m2) individuals. During wakefulness, FRC differed between BMI groups and positions (supine: OW = 58 ± 3 and NW = 68 ± 3% predicted; lateral OW = 71 ± 3, NW = 81 ± 3% predicted). FRC fell from wake to NREM sleep in all participants and in both positions by a similar amount. As a result, during NREM sleep FRC was lower in OW than NW individuals (supine 46 ± 3 and 56 ± 3% predicted, respectively). FRC during REM was similar to NREM and no sex differences were observed in any position or sleep stage. CONCLUSIONS: Reductions in FRC while supine and with increased body weight may contribute to worsened OSA in these conditions, but low lung volumes appear unlikely to explain the worsening of OSA in REM and in men versus women. SN - 1550-9109 UR - https://www.unboundmedicine.com/medline/citation/31322697/The_effect_of_sex_and_body_weight_on_lung_volumes_during_sleep L2 - https://academic.oup.com/sleep/article-lookup/doi/10.1093/sleep/zsz141 DB - PRIME DP - Unbound Medicine ER -