Three novel mutations in a group of Chinese patients with X-linked Charcot-Marie-Tooth disease.Clin Neurol Neurosurg 2019; 184:105430CN
The X-linked form of Charcot-Marie-Tooth disease type1 (CMTX1) is the second most common hereditary motor and sensory neuropathy caused by mutations in the gap junction beta 1 (GJB1) gene. Here, we report the clinical and genetic features of six unrelated Chinese patients with CMTX1, which were identified by genetic analysis. Among the 6 identified mutations, 3 were previously unknown (c.31A > T, c.42 C > G and c.423 del C). The six patients showed typical signs of CMT with a median age of onset of 16.5 years (range: 13-30). Sensorineural hearing loss was confirmed in the patient with the c.423 del C mutation. White matter lesions on brain magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) were observed in two patients. The three newly identified GJB1 mutations expand the clinical and mutational spectrum of CMTX1.