Extubation on the operating table in patients with right ventricular pressure overload undergoing biventricular repair†.Eur J Cardiothorac Surg 2019EJ
Right ventricular pressure overload, which can result in restrictive right ventricular physiology, predicts slow recovery after biventricular repair of congenital heart defects. The goal of the study was to assess how extubation in the operating room influences the postoperative course in these patients.
Between January 2013 and June 2017, a total of 65 children [median age 0.96 (0.13-9.47) years; median weight 8 (3.05-25.8) kg] with right ventricular pressure overload underwent an intracardiac correction. The most common malformations were tetralogy of Fallot (n = 34) and double outlet right ventricle with pulmonary stenosis (n = 11). The patients were divided into 2 groups: the first (n = 36) comprised late extubated (LE) and the second (n = 29), early extubated (EE) children, immediately after chest closure in the operating room. Preoperative, perioperative and postoperative records were analysed retrospectively.
Children who had EE had a lower heart rate (EE 124.2 vs LE 133.6 bpm; P = 0.03), higher arterial blood pressure (systolic: EE 87.9 ± 9.35 vs LE 81.4 ± 12.0 mmHg; P = 0.029; diastolic: EE 51.1 ± 6.5 vs LE 45.9 ± 6.64 mmHg; P = 0.003), lower central venous pressure (EE 8.6 ± 1.89 mmHg vs LE 9.9 ± 2.42 mmHg; P = 0.03), fewer pleural effusions in the first 6 postoperative days (EE 1.38 ml/kg/day vs LE 5.98 ml/kg/day; P = 0.009), shorter time of dopamine support ≥3 μg/kg (EE 7.29 ± 12.26 h vs LE 34.78 ± 38.05 h, P < 0.001), shorter stays in the intensive care unit (EE 2.7 ± 2.67 vs LE 5.0 ± 4.77 days, P = 0.001) and hospital (EE 11.8 ± 4.79 vs LE 15.5 ± 7.8 days; P = 0.022).
Extubation in the operating room of children with right ventricular pressure overload undergoing biventricular correction is feasible and safe and has a beneficial effect on the postoperative course.