Collagen type-V is a danger signal associated with primary graft dysfunction in lung transplantation.Transpl Immunol. 2019 10; 56:101224.TI
Primary graft dysfunction (PGD) is the leading cause of early mortality after lung transplantation. Anti-collagen type-V (col(V)) immunity has been observed in animal models of ischemia-reperfusion injury (IRI) and in PGD. We hypothesized that collagen type-V is an innate danger signal contributing to PGD pathogenesis.
Anti-col(V) antibody production was detected by flow cytometric assay following cultures of murine CD19+ splenic cells with col.(V). Responding murine B cells were phenotyped using surface markers. RNA-Seq analysis was performed on murine CD19+ cells. Levels of anti-col(V) antibodies were measured in 188 recipients from the Lung Transplant Outcomes Group (LTOG) after transplantation.
Col(V) induced rapid production of anti-col(V) antibodies from murine CD19+ B cells. Subtype analysis demonstrated innate B-1 B cells bound col.(V). Col(V) induced a specific transcriptional signature in CD19+ B cells with similarities to, yet distinct from, B cell receptor (BCR) stimulation. Rapid de novo production of anti-col(V) Abs was associated with an increased incidence of clinical PGD after lung transplant.
This study demonstrated that col.(V) is an rapidly recognized by B cells and has specific transcriptional signature. In lung transplants recipients the rapid seroconversion to anti-col(V) Ab is linked to increased risk of grade 3 PGD.