A Surfactant-Free and Scalable General Strategy for Synthesizing Ultrathin Two-Dimensional Metal-Organic Framework Nanosheets for the Oxygen Evolution Reaction.Angew Chem Int Ed Engl. 2019 Sep 16; 58(38):13565-13572.AC
Metal-organic framework (MOFs) two-dimensional (2D) nanosheets have many coordinatively unsaturated metal sites that act as active centres for catalysis. To date, limited numbers of 2D MOFs nanosheets can be obtained through top-down or bottom-up synthesis strategies. Herein, we report a 2D oxide sacrifice approach (2dOSA) to facilely synthesize ultrathin MOF-74 and BTC MOF nanosheets with a flexible combination of metal sites, which cannot be obtained through the delamination of their bulk counterparts (top-down) or the conventional solvothermal method (bottom-up). The ultrathin iron-cobalt MOF-74 nanosheets prepared are only 2.6 nm thick. The sample enriched with surface coordinatively unsaturated metal sites, exhibits a significantly higher oxygen evolution reaction reactivity than bulk FeCo MOF-74 particles and the state-of-the-art MOF catalyst. It is believed that this 2dOSA could provide a new and simple way to synthesize various ultrathin MOF nanosheets for wide applications.