Evaluating the metabolic perturbations in Mangifera indica (mango) ripened with various ripening agents/practices through gas chromatography - mass spectrometry based metabolomics.J Sep Sci 2019; 42(19):3086-3094JS
Mangifera indica L. (mango) is said to be the king of fruits due to its rich nutritional properties and mainly originates from the Indian sub-continent. The consumption pattern of the mangoes has increased drastically, due to which, many ripening practices/agents were used to make it ready-to-eat fruit or juice for the consumers. The fruit quality and metabolic composition are said to be altered due to different ripening agents/practices. The present communication mainly deals to understand the metabolic perturbations in mango fruits due to different ripening practices/agents (room temperature ripening, ethylene, and calcium carbide) using gas chromatography - mass spectrometry based metabolomics. The partial least square-discriminant analysis has found 16 differential metabolites for different ripening agents/practices which are belong to the classes of amino acids, fatty acids, sugars, and polyols. Four metabolic pathways were found to alter in the fruit metabolome due to different ripening agents/practices. Fructose, glucose, and galactose were found to be significantly up-regulated due to calcium carbide ripening in comparison to other ripening agents/practices. Overall findings from the present study advocates that mass spectrometry based metabolomics can be valuable tool to understand the fruit quality and safety with respect to consumer health.