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Dietary Patterns and Cognitive Decline: key features for prevention.
Curr Pharm Des. 2019; 25(22):2428-2442.CP

Abstract

The decline in cognitive function is generally the result of the complex interaction of several factors. First of all, age, but also demographic, educational, genetic, socio-economic, and environmental determinants, including nutrition. Cognitive decline and dementia prevalence are increasing, and they are projected to continue increasing in the next decades due to the aging of the world population. Currently, there are no effective pharmacological treatments for these devastating and disabling conditions, which emphasize the key role of preventive strategies. There is compelling evidence of the role of diet and lifestyle on cognitive function. Therefore, dietary/ nutritional approaches that contribute to prevent, or slow cognitive decline may have a remarkable public health impact. Numerous studies have explored the role of dietary components and patterns on age-associated cognitive decline, with accruing evidence that combinations of foods and nutrients can have synergistic effects beyond those attributable to individual foods or nutrients. Dietary patterns show the strongest evidence for slowing the development of cognitive decline, Alzheimer's disease and other dementias including the Mediterranean diet, the Dietary Approaches to Stop Hypertension diet, and their combination (the MedDiet-DASH Intervention for Neurodegenerative Delay - MIND), among others with few positive results. There are also dietary patterns with no evidence of such effects. This review examines the evidence for the effects of some dietary patterns as neuroprotective with a potential to delay cognitive decline and the onset of dementia.

Authors+Show Affiliations

Geriatric Unit, Department of Internal Medicine and Geriatrics, University of Palermo, Palermo, Italy.Geriatric Unit, Department of Internal Medicine and Geriatrics, University of Palermo, Palermo, Italy.Department of Preventive Medicine and Public Health, University of Navarra-IDISNA, Pamplona, Spain.Oasi Research Institute - IRCCS, Troina, Italy.Department of Preventive Medicine and Public Health, University of Navarra-IDISNA, Pamplona, Spain. CIBER Fisiopatologia de la Obesidad y Nutricion (CIBERobn), Instituto de Salud Carlos III, Madrid, Spain. Department of Nutrition, Harvard TH Chan School of Public Health, Boston, United States.

Pub Type(s)

Journal Article
Review

Language

eng

PubMed ID

31333085

Citation

Dominguez, Ligia J., et al. "Dietary Patterns and Cognitive Decline: Key Features for Prevention." Current Pharmaceutical Design, vol. 25, no. 22, 2019, pp. 2428-2442.
Dominguez LJ, Barbagallo M, Muñoz-Garcia M, et al. Dietary Patterns and Cognitive Decline: key features for prevention. Curr Pharm Des. 2019;25(22):2428-2442.
Dominguez, L. J., Barbagallo, M., Muñoz-Garcia, M., Godos, J., & Martinez-Gonzalez, M. A. (2019). Dietary Patterns and Cognitive Decline: key features for prevention. Current Pharmaceutical Design, 25(22), 2428-2442. https://doi.org/10.2174/1381612825666190722110458
Dominguez LJ, et al. Dietary Patterns and Cognitive Decline: Key Features for Prevention. Curr Pharm Des. 2019;25(22):2428-2442. PubMed PMID: 31333085.
* Article titles in AMA citation format should be in sentence-case
TY - JOUR T1 - Dietary Patterns and Cognitive Decline: key features for prevention. AU - Dominguez,Ligia J, AU - Barbagallo,Mario, AU - Muñoz-Garcia,Mariana, AU - Godos,Justyna, AU - Martinez-Gonzalez,Miguel Angel, PY - 2019/07/01/received PY - 2019/07/20/accepted PY - 2019/7/25/pubmed PY - 2020/4/16/medline PY - 2019/7/24/entrez KW - Cognitive decline KW - aging KW - alzheimer KW - diet KW - dietary pattern KW - mediterranean diet KW - nutrition KW - vegetable. SP - 2428 EP - 2442 JF - Current pharmaceutical design JO - Curr Pharm Des VL - 25 IS - 22 N2 - The decline in cognitive function is generally the result of the complex interaction of several factors. First of all, age, but also demographic, educational, genetic, socio-economic, and environmental determinants, including nutrition. Cognitive decline and dementia prevalence are increasing, and they are projected to continue increasing in the next decades due to the aging of the world population. Currently, there are no effective pharmacological treatments for these devastating and disabling conditions, which emphasize the key role of preventive strategies. There is compelling evidence of the role of diet and lifestyle on cognitive function. Therefore, dietary/ nutritional approaches that contribute to prevent, or slow cognitive decline may have a remarkable public health impact. Numerous studies have explored the role of dietary components and patterns on age-associated cognitive decline, with accruing evidence that combinations of foods and nutrients can have synergistic effects beyond those attributable to individual foods or nutrients. Dietary patterns show the strongest evidence for slowing the development of cognitive decline, Alzheimer's disease and other dementias including the Mediterranean diet, the Dietary Approaches to Stop Hypertension diet, and their combination (the MedDiet-DASH Intervention for Neurodegenerative Delay - MIND), among others with few positive results. There are also dietary patterns with no evidence of such effects. This review examines the evidence for the effects of some dietary patterns as neuroprotective with a potential to delay cognitive decline and the onset of dementia. SN - 1873-4286 UR - https://www.unboundmedicine.com/medline/citation/31333085/Dietary_Patterns_and_Cognitive_Decline:_key_features_for_prevention_ L2 - http://www.eurekaselect.com/173680/article DB - PRIME DP - Unbound Medicine ER -