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Anatomy, Bony Pelvis and Lower Limb, Toe Nails

Abstract
Our nails are an essential sensory organ. The tips of the digits are composed of almost all tissues components found elsewhere in the human body: skin, joint, bone, synovial membrane, ligaments, tendons, arteries, veins, lymphatic vessels, tendon sheaths, nerves, and specialized nervous end organs.[1] The nail plate is made up of laminated keratinized structure on the nail matrix, nail bed with the distal onychodermal band and the hyponychium at the first edge. Some toenails can have a lunula at the distal part of the matrix, characterized by the half-moon shape. The nail plate is embedded in the proximal and lateral folds. The cuticle adheres to the proximal nail fold. The nails possess both complex vascular and nerve networks to ensure adequate blood supply and sensory innervation. All these structures listed function together to provide healthy, growing nails.[2]

Publisher

StatPearls Publishing
Treasure Island (FL)

Language

eng

PubMed ID

31335058

Citation

Kamrani P, Pillarisetty LS: Anatomy, Bony Pelvis and Lower Limb, Toe Nails.StatPearls. StatPearls Publishing, 2019, Treasure Island (FL).
Kamrani P, Pillarisetty LS. Anatomy, Bony Pelvis and Lower Limb, Toe Nails. StatPearls. Treasure Island (FL): StatPearls Publishing; 2019.
Kamrani P & Pillarisetty LS. (2019). Anatomy, Bony Pelvis and Lower Limb, Toe Nails. In StatPearls. Treasure Island (FL): StatPearls Publishing;
Kamrani P, Pillarisetty LS. StatPearls. Treasure Island (FL): StatPearls Publishing; 2019.
* Article titles in AMA citation format should be in sentence-case
TY - CHAP T1 - Anatomy, Bony Pelvis and Lower Limb, Toe Nails BT - StatPearls A1 - Kamrani,Payvand, AU - Pillarisetty,Leela Sharath, Y1 - 2019/01// PY - 2019/7/24/pubmed PY - 2019/7/24/medline PY - 2019/7/24/entrez N2 - Our nails are an essential sensory organ. The tips of the digits are composed of almost all tissues components found elsewhere in the human body: skin, joint, bone, synovial membrane, ligaments, tendons, arteries, veins, lymphatic vessels, tendon sheaths, nerves, and specialized nervous end organs.[1] The nail plate is made up of laminated keratinized structure on the nail matrix, nail bed with the distal onychodermal band and the hyponychium at the first edge. Some toenails can have a lunula at the distal part of the matrix, characterized by the half-moon shape. The nail plate is embedded in the proximal and lateral folds. The cuticle adheres to the proximal nail fold. The nails possess both complex vascular and nerve networks to ensure adequate blood supply and sensory innervation. All these structures listed function together to provide healthy, growing nails.[2] PB - StatPearls Publishing CY - Treasure Island (FL) UR - https://www.unboundmedicine.com/medline/citation/31335058/StatPearls:_Anatomy,_Bony_Pelvis_and_Lower_Limb,_Toe_Nails L2 - https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/books/NBK544338 DB - PRIME DP - Unbound Medicine ER -