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Analysis of Fruit and Vegetable Consumption by Children in School Canteens Depending on Selected Sociodemographic Factors.
Medicina (Kaunas) 2019; 55(7)M

Abstract

Background and Objectives:

Eating habits acquired or changed during childhood are likely to track into adulthood. Due to the fact that nutritional behaviours are not so strongly formed among children, it is easier to change and develop them in children than in adults. The aim of this study was to assess the impact of selected sociodemographic factors affecting fruit and vegetable consumption (i.e., age, parents' body mass index, parents' level education, duration of breastfeeding, child's time spent in front of computer/television) among children in school canteens. Materials and

Methods:

The sample consisted of 106 participants (52 girls, 54 boys) aged 6-12. The frequency of consuming fruits and vegetables at a school canteen was assessed using bar code cards for two weeks. Body composition estimates were obtained using a foot-to-foot bioelectrical impedance analysis, body height was measured using a stadiometer Seca 213. The questionnaire contained questions about selected factors which can have an influence on fruit and vegetable consumption. In the study group, 13.2% of participants were overweight and 17.9% were obese.

Results:

Our results showed a statistically significant relationship between age and fruit and vegetable consumption, and it increased with age in both sexes.

Conclusions:

Bearing in mind the various conditions discussed when shaping the eating habits of pre-school- and early-school-aged children, the importance of proper nutritional education should be stressed both among children and parents.

Authors+Show Affiliations

Institute of Nursing and Health Sciences, Faculty of Medicine, University of Rzeszow, 35-959 Rzeszow, Poland.Institute of Nursing and Health Sciences, Faculty of Medicine, University of Rzeszow, 35-959 Rzeszow, Poland.Institute of Nursing and Health Sciences, Faculty of Medicine, University of Rzeszow, 35-959 Rzeszow, Poland. abartosiewicz@ur.edu.pl.Institute of Physiotherapy, Faculty of Medicine, University of Rzeszow, 35-959 Rzeszow, Poland.Institute of Physiotherapy, Faculty of Medicine, University of Rzeszow, 35-959 Rzeszow, Poland.Institute of Nursing and Health Sciences, Faculty of Medicine, University of Rzeszow, 35-959 Rzeszow, Poland.Institute of Nursing and Health Sciences, Faculty of Medicine, University of Rzeszow, 35-959 Rzeszow, Poland.

Pub Type(s)

Journal Article

Language

eng

PubMed ID

31336674

Citation

Łuszczki, Edyta, et al. "Analysis of Fruit and Vegetable Consumption By Children in School Canteens Depending On Selected Sociodemographic Factors." Medicina (Kaunas, Lithuania), vol. 55, no. 7, 2019.
Łuszczki E, Sobek G, Bartosiewicz A, et al. Analysis of Fruit and Vegetable Consumption by Children in School Canteens Depending on Selected Sociodemographic Factors. Medicina (Kaunas). 2019;55(7).
Łuszczki, E., Sobek, G., Bartosiewicz, A., Baran, J., Weres, A., Dereń, K., & Mazur, A. (2019). Analysis of Fruit and Vegetable Consumption by Children in School Canteens Depending on Selected Sociodemographic Factors. Medicina (Kaunas, Lithuania), 55(7), doi:10.3390/medicina55070397.
Łuszczki E, et al. Analysis of Fruit and Vegetable Consumption By Children in School Canteens Depending On Selected Sociodemographic Factors. Medicina (Kaunas). 2019 Jul 22;55(7) PubMed PMID: 31336674.
* Article titles in AMA citation format should be in sentence-case
TY - JOUR T1 - Analysis of Fruit and Vegetable Consumption by Children in School Canteens Depending on Selected Sociodemographic Factors. AU - Łuszczki,Edyta, AU - Sobek,Grzegorz, AU - Bartosiewicz,Anna, AU - Baran,Joanna, AU - Weres,Aneta, AU - Dereń,Katarzyna, AU - Mazur,Artur, Y1 - 2019/07/22/ PY - 2019/05/27/received PY - 2019/07/10/revised PY - 2019/07/19/accepted PY - 2019/7/25/entrez PY - 2019/7/25/pubmed PY - 2019/7/25/medline KW - childhood nutrition KW - dietary patterns KW - food environment KW - food selection KW - fruit and vegetable JF - Medicina (Kaunas, Lithuania) JO - Medicina (Kaunas) VL - 55 IS - 7 N2 - Background and Objectives: Eating habits acquired or changed during childhood are likely to track into adulthood. Due to the fact that nutritional behaviours are not so strongly formed among children, it is easier to change and develop them in children than in adults. The aim of this study was to assess the impact of selected sociodemographic factors affecting fruit and vegetable consumption (i.e., age, parents' body mass index, parents' level education, duration of breastfeeding, child's time spent in front of computer/television) among children in school canteens. Materials and Methods: The sample consisted of 106 participants (52 girls, 54 boys) aged 6-12. The frequency of consuming fruits and vegetables at a school canteen was assessed using bar code cards for two weeks. Body composition estimates were obtained using a foot-to-foot bioelectrical impedance analysis, body height was measured using a stadiometer Seca 213. The questionnaire contained questions about selected factors which can have an influence on fruit and vegetable consumption. In the study group, 13.2% of participants were overweight and 17.9% were obese. Results: Our results showed a statistically significant relationship between age and fruit and vegetable consumption, and it increased with age in both sexes. Conclusions: Bearing in mind the various conditions discussed when shaping the eating habits of pre-school- and early-school-aged children, the importance of proper nutritional education should be stressed both among children and parents. SN - 1648-9144 UR - https://www.unboundmedicine.com/medline/citation/31336674/Analysis_of_Fruit_and_Vegetable_Consumption_by_Children_in_School_Canteens_Depending_on_Selected_Sociodemographic_Factors L2 - http://www.mdpi.com/resolver?pii=medicina55070397 DB - PRIME DP - Unbound Medicine ER -