Laparoscopic repair of paraesophageal hernia with organo-axial intrathoracic gastric volvulus.Asian J Endosc Surg. 2020 Jul; 13(3):437-440.AJ
Intrathoracic organo-axial gastric volvulus is a rare clinical entity associated with paraesophageal hernia. It is characterized by migration of the stomach into the thoracic cavity through an enlarged hiatal defect and rotation around its long axis connecting the cardia and the pylorus. A 72-year-old woman presented with epigastric pain that radiated to the left scapula for 1 week prior to presentation. Computed tomography scan of her thorax and abdomen demonstrated paraoesophageal hernia with organo-axial intrathoracic gastric volvulus. Laparoscopically, the stomach was returned to its abdominal position, the mediastinal sac was excised and after adequate intra-abdominal length of the esophagus was attained, the hiatal defect was closed primarily and reinforced with a composite mesh. An anterior 180° partial fundoplication was performed as both an anti-reflux procedure and also as a form of gastropexy. She had an uneventful recovery and remains well after 2 years.