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Dietary Intake by Food Source and Eating Location in Low- and Middle-Income Chilean Preschool Children and Adolescents from Southeast Santiago.
Nutrients. 2019 Jul 23; 11(7)N

Abstract

BACKGROUND

Food source and eating location are important factors associated with the quality of dietary intake. In Chile the main food sources and eating locations of preschool children and adolescents and how these relate to dietary quality are unknown.

METHODS

We analyzed 24 h dietary recalls collected in 2016 from low- and middle-income Chilean preschool children (3-6 years, n = 839) and adolescents (12-14 years, n = 643) from southeastern Santiago. Surveys collected the food source and eating location for each food reported during the recall. We estimated the mean intake of calories and key nutrients of concern, such as saturated fats, total sugars, and sodium, by food source and eating location.

RESULTS

Foods obtained and eaten at home contributed the greatest proportion of total calories and the key nutrients of concern. Foods obtained at home tended to have lower caloric densities but higher sugar and sodium densities than foods obtained away from home in both age groups. With regard to location, for preschool children foods consumed at home had lower caloric and sugar densities than foods eaten at school, while for adolescents foods consumed at home had lower caloric, saturated fat, and sugar densities than foods eaten at school. For both children and adolescents, home was the primary source of sugar-sweetened beverages (SSBs) calories. SSBs were important calorie contributors among foods across all settings, but the highest absolute amount of calories from these beverages was consumed at home.

CONCLUSIONS

While most of Chilean youths' calories and key nutrients of concern are obtained and consumed at home, these foods tended to have lower caloric densities than foods obtained and consumed away from home. Home was the main food source for SSBs, but the relative consumption of these beverages was high in all eating locations. More research will be needed to inform and evaluate policies and interventions to improve children's dietary quality across settings.

Authors+Show Affiliations

Department of Nutrition, Gillings School of Global Public Health, University of North Carolina at Chapel Hill, Chapel Hill, NC 27599-7400, USA.Institute of Nutrition and Food Technology (INTA), University of Chile, Santiago 7830490, Chile.Institute of Nutrition and Food Technology (INTA), University of Chile, Santiago 7830490, Chile.Department of Nutrition, Gillings School of Global Public Health, University of North Carolina at Chapel Hill, Chapel Hill, NC 27599-7400, USA. Carolina Population Center, University of North Carolina at Chapel Hill, Chapel Hill, NC 27516-2524, USA.Department of Nutrition, Gillings School of Global Public Health, University of North Carolina at Chapel Hill, Chapel Hill, NC 27599-7400, USA. taillie@unc.edu. Carolina Population Center, University of North Carolina at Chapel Hill, Chapel Hill, NC 27516-2524, USA. taillie@unc.edu.

Pub Type(s)

Comparative Study
Journal Article

Language

eng

PubMed ID

31340559

Citation

Rebolledo, Natalia, et al. "Dietary Intake By Food Source and Eating Location in Low- and Middle-Income Chilean Preschool Children and Adolescents From Southeast Santiago." Nutrients, vol. 11, no. 7, 2019.
Rebolledo N, Reyes M, Corvalán C, et al. Dietary Intake by Food Source and Eating Location in Low- and Middle-Income Chilean Preschool Children and Adolescents from Southeast Santiago. Nutrients. 2019;11(7).
Rebolledo, N., Reyes, M., Corvalán, C., Popkin, B. M., & Smith Taillie, L. (2019). Dietary Intake by Food Source and Eating Location in Low- and Middle-Income Chilean Preschool Children and Adolescents from Southeast Santiago. Nutrients, 11(7). https://doi.org/10.3390/nu11071695
Rebolledo N, et al. Dietary Intake By Food Source and Eating Location in Low- and Middle-Income Chilean Preschool Children and Adolescents From Southeast Santiago. Nutrients. 2019 Jul 23;11(7) PubMed PMID: 31340559.
* Article titles in AMA citation format should be in sentence-case
TY - JOUR T1 - Dietary Intake by Food Source and Eating Location in Low- and Middle-Income Chilean Preschool Children and Adolescents from Southeast Santiago. AU - Rebolledo,Natalia, AU - Reyes,Marcela, AU - Corvalán,Camila, AU - Popkin,Barry M, AU - Smith Taillie,Lindsey, Y1 - 2019/07/23/ PY - 2019/07/10/received PY - 2019/07/18/revised PY - 2019/07/20/accepted PY - 2019/7/26/entrez PY - 2019/7/26/pubmed PY - 2020/1/30/medline KW - Latin America KW - adolescent diet KW - away-from-home food KW - child diet KW - eating location KW - fast food KW - food source KW - school food KW - sugar-sweetened beverage JF - Nutrients JO - Nutrients VL - 11 IS - 7 N2 - BACKGROUND: Food source and eating location are important factors associated with the quality of dietary intake. In Chile the main food sources and eating locations of preschool children and adolescents and how these relate to dietary quality are unknown. METHODS: We analyzed 24 h dietary recalls collected in 2016 from low- and middle-income Chilean preschool children (3-6 years, n = 839) and adolescents (12-14 years, n = 643) from southeastern Santiago. Surveys collected the food source and eating location for each food reported during the recall. We estimated the mean intake of calories and key nutrients of concern, such as saturated fats, total sugars, and sodium, by food source and eating location. RESULTS: Foods obtained and eaten at home contributed the greatest proportion of total calories and the key nutrients of concern. Foods obtained at home tended to have lower caloric densities but higher sugar and sodium densities than foods obtained away from home in both age groups. With regard to location, for preschool children foods consumed at home had lower caloric and sugar densities than foods eaten at school, while for adolescents foods consumed at home had lower caloric, saturated fat, and sugar densities than foods eaten at school. For both children and adolescents, home was the primary source of sugar-sweetened beverages (SSBs) calories. SSBs were important calorie contributors among foods across all settings, but the highest absolute amount of calories from these beverages was consumed at home. CONCLUSIONS: While most of Chilean youths' calories and key nutrients of concern are obtained and consumed at home, these foods tended to have lower caloric densities than foods obtained and consumed away from home. Home was the main food source for SSBs, but the relative consumption of these beverages was high in all eating locations. More research will be needed to inform and evaluate policies and interventions to improve children's dietary quality across settings. SN - 2072-6643 UR - https://www.unboundmedicine.com/medline/citation/31340559/Dietary_Intake_by_Food_Source_and_Eating_Location_in_Low__and_Middle_Income_Chilean_Preschool_Children_and_Adolescents_from_Southeast_Santiago_ L2 - https://www.mdpi.com/resolver?pii=nu11071695 DB - PRIME DP - Unbound Medicine ER -